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ဖက္ဒရယ္ ရီဇာ့ဗ္ဆုိတာ အေမရိကန္ ျပည္ေထာင္စု ဗဟုိဘဏ္ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဘဏ္ဥကၠဌကုိ သမတ ေရြးျပီး လႊတ္ေတာ္ သေဘာတူခ်က္ ယူပါတယ္။ ေနရာထုိင္ခုံ အျမဲလႈပ္ေနတဲ႕ အေမရိကန္ႏုိင္ငံလုိမ်ဳိးမွာ အဲဒီရာထူးနဲ႕ တရားရုံးခ်ဳပ္ တရားသူဂ်ီး ရာထူးမ်ားသာ ဆယ္စုႏွစ္နဲ႕ခ်ီ ျမဲတာပါ။ အဲဒီဘဏ္ဥကၠဌသည္ ယူအက္စ္ ေငြေၾကး မူဝါဒပုိင္းမွာ သမတထက္ ဩဇာရွိလုိ႕ သိပ္အေရးပါ ဂုဏ္ရွိပါတယ္။ (ဤဂါး အေၾကာင္းမရွိ အေၾကာင္းရွာ ေရးေသာ ဇဂခ်က္။)

ယူအက္စ္ဖက္ဒရယ္ဘဏ္ ဒုတိယဥကၠဌ ဂ်က္နက္ရဲလန္အား သမတ အုိဘားမားမွ ေနာက္နွစ္တြင္ ဘဏ္ဥကၠဌ ဘန္ဘာနက္ကီ ေနရာ အစားထုိးရန္ လႊတ္ေတာ္သုိ႕ အဆုိျပဳလုိက္သည္။

အုိဘားမားက ဖက္ဒရယ္ဘဏ္ နွစ္တရာသမုိင္းတြင္ ပထမဆုံး အမ်ဳိးသမီး ဦးေဆာင္သူ ေပၚထြက္လာေစမည့္ ေၾကျငာခ်က္အား အိမ္ျဖဴေတာ္ ညစာစားပြဲ၌ ေၾကျငာခဲ႕ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။

သူမအား သမတက နုိင္ငံ၏ အေရးပါဆုံး စီးပြားေရးပညာရွင္နွင့္ မူဝါဒေရးဆြဲသူဟု ခ်ီးမႊမ္းဂုဏ္ျပဳလုိက္သည္။

ဘယ္သူ ေနာင္လာမည့္ ဖက္ဒရယ္ ဥကၠဌ ျဖစ္မည္လဲဆုိတာ နုိင္ငံေရးေလာကမွ လြန္ခဲ႕ေသာ လမ်ားအတြင္း ေျပာဆုိေနၾကလုိ႕ သူမအေၾကာင္း အခ်ဳိ႕တဝက္ သိေကာင္းသိျပီး ျဖစ္ပါလိမ့္မည္။ ဒါေပမဲ႕ စာဖတ္သူ သိမည္ မထင္ေသးတဲ႕ သူမနဲ႕ ပတ္သက္တဲ႕ အခ်က္ငါးခ်က္ကုိ ေဖာ္ထုတ္ရလ်င္…. ဒန္တန္႕တန္… (ခေလးေတြ မဆူဂ်နဲ႕… အေကာင္ေဒြ ေနာက္ဆုတ္၊ သာမီးေလးတုိ႕ ေရွ႕တုိး… ေၾကးမုံဂ်ီး ရုံျပင္ထြက္…။)

၁။ သူေဌး သူေဌး.. သိပ္ခ်မ္းသာတယ္။ ဖက္ဒရယ္ဘဏ္ရဲ႕ နွစ္စဥ္ ဘ႑ာေရး တင္ျပခ်က္တြင္ ေဒၚရဲလန္သည္ အခ်မ္းသာဆုံးေသာ ဗဟုိဘဏ္အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးဘုတ္ အဖြဲ႕ဝင္မ်ားထဲတြင္ တဦးအပါအဝင္ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း နယူးေရာက္ တုိင္မ္းသတင္းစာမွဆုိသည္။ ဘယ္ေတြမွာ ရင္းနွီးျမႈပ္ႏွံထားတယ္၊ ပုိင္ဆုိင္မႈ ဓနဥစၥာ ေဒၚလာသန္းေပါင္း မည္မွ် ခ်မ္သာသလဲဆုိတာ သိခ်င္လ်င္ ေပးထားတဲ႕လင့္ခ္တြင္ ၾကည့္ရႈႏုိင္သည္။ (မူရင္း အဂၤလိပ္စာကုိရႈ…)

၂။ အေတာ္ဆုံး ဖက္ဒရယ္ဘဏ္ ပုေရာဟိတ္။ ၂၀၀၉ မွ ၂၀၁၂ အတြင္း ျပဳလုပ္ခဲ႕ေသာ ဖက္ဒရယ္ဘဏ္ မူဝါဒ ပဲ႕ထိန္း ၁၄ဦး၏ စီးပြားေရးဆုိင္ရာ ခန္႕မွန္းခ်က္ ၇၀၀အား ေလ့လာထားေသာ ေဝါစထရိဂ်ာနယ္ စစ္တမ္းတြင္ ေဒၚရဲလန္သည္ အမ်ားဆုံးမွန္ေအာင္ ေယဘူယ် ေဟာကိန္းထုတ္သူျဖစ္၏။ ေငြေၾကးေဖာင္းပြမႈ၊ အလုပ္သမား၊ စီးပြားေရး ၾကီးထြားႏႈန္း တုိ႕တြင္လည္း သူမ၏ ခန္႕မွန္းခ်က္မ်ား ထိပ္ဆုံးေလးေယာက္ တြင္ခ်ိတ္သည္။

ဖက္ဒရယ္ဘဏ္ သက္လယ္စံ

ဖက္ဒရယ္ဘဏ္ သက္လယ္စံ

 

၃။ နုိင္ငံေရး ဩဇာခံမဟုတ္။ သူမဟာ ကလင္တန္ လက္ထက္ စီးပြားေရးအၾကံေပးေကာင္စီ အၾကီးအကဲ ၂နွစ္ လုပ္ခဲ႕ဖူးေပမဲ႕ အစုိးရအဖြဲ႕ေရာ ကြန္ဂရက္စ္နဲ႕ပါ ကင္းေအာင္ေနတယ္။ (သူ႕အရင္ တစ္ေျပးခဲ႕ဖူးတဲ႕ ၊စဂါးခ်ပ္) ဦးလယ္ရီဆမ္းမား ဆုိရင္ အမ်ဳိးသား စီးပြားေရး ေကာင္စီကေန သူထြက္သြားတဲ႕ ၂၀၁၀ နွစ္အကုန္ပုိင္းမွ စလုိ႕ သမတနဲ႕ ေလးခါေတြ႕ျခင္း အပါအဝင္ အိမ္ျဖဴေတာ္ဆီ ဆယ္ၾကိမ္ထက္မနည္း ဝင္ထြက္ခဲ႕ေပမဲ႕ သူမကေတာ့ ၂နွစ္အတြင္းမွာ အိမ္ျဖဴေတာ္ကုိ တၾကိမ္ပဲ ေရာက္ခဲ႕သည္။

၄။ လင္က အခ်ဥ္မဟုတ္၊ စီးပြားေရး နုိဘဲလ္ဆုရွင္ဂ်ီး။ ေယာက္်ားနာမည္က ေဂ်ာ့အကၠာေလာ့ဖ္၊ ဘာကေလ တကၠသိုလ္ စီးပြားေရးပညာရွင္ တဦးျဖစ္သည္။ သူ႕ရဲ႕ အထင္ရွားဆုံး ေဆာင္းပါးမ်ားထဲက တခုညႊန္ျပဆုိ The Market for Lemons: Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism.” ေဆာင္းပါးမွာ သတင္းအခ်က္ အလက္ စီးဆင္းပ်ံ႕ႏွံ႕မႈကုိ တပတ္ရစ္ကား ဥပမာထား  အေသးစိတ္ တင္ျပထားသည္။

၅။ ဗဟုိဘဏ္တခုကုိ ဦးေဆာင္သူ ပထမဆုံး အမ်ဳိးသမီးေတာ့ မဟုတ္။ ကမာၻတလႊား ဗဟုိဘဏ္ အသီးသီးအား ဦးေဆာင္ေနသူ အမ်ဳိးသမီး ၁၇ေယာက္ႏွင့္အတူ (စုစုေပါင္း ၁၇၇ ဗဟုိဘဏ္ရွိ၏) ယူအက္စ္ဖက္ဒရယ္ဘဏ္ အၾကီးအကဲ ပထမဦးဆုံး အမ်ဳိးသမီးသာ ျဖစ္လာမည္။

ရည္ညႊန္း –  http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/daily-ticker/janet-yellen-five-things-know-obama-fed-chair-112259135.html

Janet Yellen: Five Things You Should Know About Obama’s Fed Chair Nominee

By Lauren Lyster | Daily Ticker – Wed, Oct 9, 2013

President Obama has nominated Federal Reserve Vice Chair Janet Yellen to replace Ben Bernanke as head of the Fed starting next year.

Obama made the announcement this afternoon in the State Dining Room of the White House — setting Yellen on course to become the first woman to lead the Fed in its 100-year history.

The president called her “one of the nation’s foremost economists and policy makers.

You’ve likely already learned some things about her in the politicized debate over the last few months surrounding who would be the next Fed chair. But in the accompanying video and below, we reveal the five things about her you may not know about Yellen:

  1. She’s rich. Annual financial disclosures that the Fed has released show Yellen to be one of the wealthiest members of the central bank’s board of governors, the New York Times reports. Check out the video to see what she’s invested in and how many millions of dollars her assets are worth.
  2. She’s the top Fed forecaster. A Wall Street Journal study of 700 economic predictions made by 14 Fed policymakers from 2009 to 2012 found Yellen was the most accurate forecaster overall. She also scored in the top four for her forecasts on inflation, labor, and growth.
  3. She’s not a political insider. Though she was head of the Council of Economic Advisers for two years during the Clinton administration, she doesn’t appear to have close ties to this administration or Congress. While Larry Summers has visited the White House at least ten times since he left as director of the National Economic Council at the end of 2010 – including four meetings with the president – Yellen has been to the White House only once in two years. Check out the video to see how that compares to her meetings with other central bankers and to her visits to Congress.
  4. She’s married to a Nobel Prize – winning economist. Her husband is George Akerlof, an economist at UC Berkeley. One of his best known articles: “The Market for Lemons: Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism.” The paper delves into the theory of information asymmetry by using the market for used cars — lemons — as an example.
  5. She wouldn’t be the first woman to lead a central bank. While she would be the first woman to head the Fed, she would join a list of 17 women already who lead central banks around the world (that’s out of 177 central banks). See the video for some of the countries where women have this top spot.
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