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“ငါမေကာင္းလွ်င္ ငါ့ကိုေရး၊ ငါ့မိဖုရား မေကာင္းလွ်င္ ငါ့မိဖုရားကိုေရး၊ ငါ့သားသမီ းမေကာင္းလွ်င္ ငါ့သားသမီးေတြကိုေရး၊ မင္းတို႔သတင္းစာတိုက္၌ အျပစ္မရွိ ေစရ၊ နန္းေတာ္တြင္းသို႔ သတင္းစာတုိက္က မည္သူ႔ကိုမဆို အဆီးအတားမရွိ ဝင္ထြက္ေစ”
THE MANDALAY GAZETTE.
December 26, 1879, Wednesday
Page 2, 164 words
Mandalay Gazette (ရတနာပံုေနျပည္ေတာ္သတင္းစာ) သည္ မည္သည္႔အဖြဲ့အစည္း၊ မည္သူတဦးတေယာက္ထံမွ ေငြေၾကးအေထာက္အပံ့ ရယူေနျခင္းမရွိေသာ လြတ္လပ္သည့္ …..သင္ႏွင့္သင့္လူမ်ိဳးအတြက္မီဒီယာ ျဖစ္သည္။
|The Preamble to The Bill of RightsCongress of the United States
begun and held at the City of New-York, on
Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine.THEConventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution.RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all, or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz.ARTICLES in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.
| The Bill of Rights: A TranscriptionThe Preamble to The Bill of RightsCongress of the United States
begun and held at the City of New-York, on
Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine.THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution.RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all, or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz.ARTICLES in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.Note: The following text is a transcription of the first ten amendments to the Constitution in their original form. These amendments were ratified December 15, 1791, and form what is known as the “Bill of Rights.”
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.
In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
Note: The capitalization and punctuation in this version is from the enrolled original of the Joint Resolution of Congress proposing the Bill of Rights, which is on permanent display in the Rotunda of the National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
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9. Applicable law
This Agreement will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts without application of its principles of conflicts of laws. By using this Site, you hereby agree that any and all disputes regarding this Agreement will be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the federal, state and local courts for Boston, Massachusetts. This Agreement operates to the fullest extent permissible by law. If any provision of this Agreement is found unlawful, void or unenforceable, that provision is deemed severable from the remaining provisions of the Agreement and does not affect the validity and enforceability of any remaining provisions.
Different countries have different regulations. MandalayGazette.com makes no representations that the materials on this site are appropriate or legally available for use in locations outside the United States. If you are accessing this Site from jurisdictions where the contents of this site may be illegal, you are solely responsible for complying with all local laws regarding online conduct and acceptable content. By submitting information to this site, you understand and agree that by submitting your information you are transferring it from your country and submitting it to MandalayGazette.com’s servers in the United States.
BY ACCEPTING THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT, YOU WAIVE YOUR RIGHT TO A TRIAL BY JURY AND YOU EXPLICITLY WAIVE YOUR RIGHT TO PARTICIPATE IN A CLASS ACTION LAWSUIT. YOU AGREE THAT REGARDLESS OF ANY STATUTE OR LAW TO THE CONTRARY, ANY CLAIM OR CAUSE OF ACTION ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO USE OF THE SITE OR THIS AGREEMENT MUST BE FILED WITHIN ONE (1) YEAR AFTER SUCH CLAIM OR CAUSE OF ACTION AROSE OR BE FOREVER BARRED.
10. Modification to site or content
If we want to change the Site, our related services and functionalities, fees, payment structures, the terms of this Agreement, our selection of content, or the way we present content, we are free to do so at any time without any prior notice. MandalayGazette.com is a conduit for content you submit, and as such we have the right but not the obligation to screen or otherwise control any content posted on MandalayGazette.com. MandalayGazette.com retains the right, in its sole discretion, to refuse to post or remove any material submitted or posted on the Site for any reason, including if we believe it is in violation of this Agreement.
Notices to you regarding changes to the Site ad this Agreement may, but will not necessarily, be made via email, regular mail, links to notices on the Site, in a splash or other format upon the Site, depending on the character of message. We recommend you keep your eye on the Community Section (http://www.MandalayGazette.com/), where changes may be posted and discussed. Your input is also welcome! Your continued use of the Site indicates your acceptance of any changes to this Agreement.
11. Modification or cancellation of your account
MandalayGazette.com has the right to cancel your account (or any part thereof), or to exclude you from the Site, if due to fraudulent or other unacceptable activities, at any time in our sole reasonable discretion, with or without prior notice. In case of cancellation, you agree that the license granted herein to content submitted by you shall not terminate, but you will agree to forfeit all rights you may have to your Account and to any then accrued or future earnings from the Site or by MandalayGazette.com with respect to any material you previously submitted. If we decide to cancel your account, the cancellation will not affect your remaining responsibilities to MandalayGazette.com according to this Agreement. If we cancel your account, you may not open a new one under your own or an alternate name/email address.
12. Disclaimer of warranties/limitation of liability
MandalayGazette.com makes no representations about the suitability, reliability, availability, timeliness, or lack of viruses or other harmful components of this Site, its content (whether MandalayGazette.com or user-submitted content), or its features, and disclaims all liability in the event of any service failure. You acknowledge that any reliance on such material and/or systems will be at your own risk, and MandalayGazette.com makes no warranties regarding any transactions entered into through the Site or any service. MandalayGazette.com also makes no representations regarding the amount of time that any content will be preserved.
THIS SITE IS PROVIDED ON AN “AS IS” AND “AS AVAILABLE” BASIS. NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ARE MADE WITH RESPECT TO THIS SITE OR ANY INFORMATION OR SOFTWARE THEREIN. YOU EXPRESSLY UNDERSTAND AND AGREE THAT UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE, SHALL MandalayGazette.com OR ITS AFFILIATES BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT, NEGLIGENCE, STRICT LIABILITY OR OTHERWISE. THIS INCLUDES A SPECIFIC WAIVER BY MandalayGazette.com OF ANY LIABILITY FOR DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES, ANY DAMAGE TO YOUR COMPUTER SYSTEM OR LOSS OF DATA THAT RESULTS FROM THE DOWNLOAD OF ANY SUCH MATERIAL, OR ANY UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS TO OR USE OF YOUR TRANSMISSIONS OR CONTENT. DAMAGES AS USED HEREIN INCLUDE WITHOUT LIMITATION DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, GOODWILL, USE, DATA, OR OTHER INTANGIBLE LOSSES (EVEN IF WE HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES), DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO YOUR USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE MandalayGazette.com OR ANY MATERIALS THAT HAVE BEEN POSTED TO THE SITE, INCLUDING STATEMENTS OR CONTENT OF ANY THIRD PARTY. BECAUSE SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
13. The entire agreement/no partnership
This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between you and MandalayGazette.com and governs your use of the Site and supersedes all prior or contemporaneous communications and proposals whether electronic, oral or written, between you and MandalayGazette.com with respect to the site and services. Both you and MandalayGazette.com acknowledge and agree that no partnership is formed and neither you nor MandalayGazette.com has the power or the authority to obligate or bind the other.
The failure of MandalayGazette.com to exercise or enforce any right or provision of this Agreement shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision.
15. Links to third-party websites
16. Software downloads and export controls
Software that may be available in connection with this Site is further subject to United States export controls. No software may be downloaded from this Site or otherwise exported or re-exported in violation of United States export laws. Downloading or using the software is at your sole risk.
17. Act of God
The failure of MandalayGazette.com to comply with this Agreement because of an act of God, war, fire, riot, terrorism, earthquake, actions of federal, state or local governmental authorities or for any other reason beyond the reasonable control of MandalayGazette.com, shall not be deemed a breach of this Agreement.
The headings in this Agreement are for your convenience and reference. These headings do not limit or affect this Agreement.
This Agreement constitutes a binding agreement between you and MandalayGazette.com, and is accepted by you upon your use of the Site. By clicking “I agree” you represent that you are capable of entering into a binding agreement, and that you have reviewed this Agreement and agree to be bound by its terms.