ယခုလမွာေတာ့ အားလုံးေမွ်ာ္လင့္ေတာင္႔တေနၾကတဲ့ Essay ေလးေတြ ကၽြမ္ကၽြမ္းက်င္က်င္ ေရးတတ္လာေအာင္ ေလ့လာၾကပါစုိ႔။
essay မေရးခင္မွာ paragraph ေလးေတြအေၾကာင္း ျပန္လည္အစေဖာ္ေပးလုိပါတယ္။ ဘာ့ေၾကာင့္လည္းဆုိေတာ့ essay နဲ႔ paragraph ဆက္စပ္ေနလုိ႔ပါ။ ေအာက္ပါ Diagram ေလး ကိုၾကည့္ပါ။
Paragraph Essay
Topic sentence Thesis statement
Idea 1 Body paragraph 1
Idea 2 Body paragraph 2
Idea 3 Body paragraph 3
Conclusion concluding paragraph
မိမိေရးထားျပီးသား paragraph ေလးတစ္ပုဒ္ကုိ ေဖာ္ျပပါ diagram ေလးအတုိင္း essay တပုဒ္ ျဖစ္လာေအာင္ expand လုပ္လုိက္ဖို႔ တနည္းအားျဖင့္ ခ်ဲ႕တြင္ေရးသားလိုက္ဖို႔ လြယ္ကူပါတယ္။ ဦးစြာ ပထမ Introductory paragraph ေလးေတြေရးတတ္လာေအာင္ ေလ့လာၾကပါစို႔။ essay တစ္ပုဒ္မွာ Introductory paragraph ေလးကအထူးကို အေရးႀကီးပါတယ္။ essay ရဲ႕ အႏွစ္သာရျဖစ္တဲ့ thesis statement ေလးက Introductory paragraph ေလးမွာ ရွိေနတာကုိး။
Thesis statement ကုိ essay ရဲ႕ အသက္ေသြးေၾကာလုိ႔ေခၚဆုိႏုိင္ပါတယ္။ thesis statement က ေကာင္းရင္ေကာင္းသေလာက္ essay လည္းေကာင္းမွာပါ။ thesis statement က ညံ့ေနခ်ာေနရင္ေတာ့ essay တစ္ပုဒ္လုံးလည္းသြာျပီေပါ့ေနာ္။
ဒီေတာ့ thesis statement ေလးကုိ ပုိင္ပုိင္ႏုိင္ႏုိ္င္ ေရးတတ္လာေအာင္ နမူနာေလးေတြၾကည့္ရေအာင္။ child abuse ဆုိတဲ့Topic ေလးနဲ႔ essay ေရးရမယ္ ဆုိပါစုိ႔။ child abuse ဆုိတဲ့ topic ေလးန႔ဲ paragraph ေရးရမယ္ဆုိရင္ ေဖာ္ျပပါ topic sentence ေလးနဲ႔စလုိ႔ရပါတယ္။

ဒီ topic sentence ေလးကုိ There are three types of child abuse အျဖစ္ ေဟာဒီလုိေျပာင္းလုိက္လုိ႔ ရပါတယ္။
– Of the three types of child abuse- physical, psychological and sexual abuse – the last is regarded as the most heinous although the first two can be just as traumatic for the abused child.
ဒီ Thesis statement ရဲ႕ေရွ႕မွာ Introduction ေလးထည့္ေပးမွ introductory paragraph ေလး ျပည့္စုံသြားမွာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ introduction လုပ္တဲ့ နည္းမ်ဳိးစုံရွိတဲ့ အနက္ Funnel method ကုိေဖာ္ျပေပးပါ့မယ္။ funnel တနည္းအားျဖင့္ ကေတာ့ပုံေပါ့ေနာ္။ ဒီေတာ့ က်ယ္ျပန္႔တဲ့ အေၾကာင္းအရာကစျပီး မွ တေျဖးေျဖးနဲ႔ ကုိယ္ေရးလုိတဲ့ topic ဆီကို ပုိ႔ေပးတဲ့သေဘာပါ။ ဥပမာ-
– Abuse is certainly a harsh word in the English language. Of the many possible forms of abuse, such as abuse of oneself, abuse of one’s spouse among many others, abuse of children inevitably ranks as perhaps the worst simply because children are seen as innocent creatures who need to be protected and loved, not abused. Yet there are people who would do the unthinkable and abuse children.
introduction ကသိပ္ကုိ အေရးပါတဲ့ အတြက္ နမူနာေလးေတြ ထပ္မံေဖာ္ျပေပးလုိက္ပါတယ္။ topic က dealing with rejection ဆုိပါစုိ႔။ ဒီလုိ topic မ်ဳိးအတြက္ ေဖာ္ျပပါ topic sentence ေလးေရးလုိ႔ရပါတယ္။

ဒီ There are three ways to deal with rejection ေလးကုိ thesis statement ျဖစ္ေအာင္ expand လုပ္လုိက္တဲ့ အခါမွာ ေအာက္ပါ thesis statement ကုိရရွိပါတယ္။
– There are three ways to deal with rejection-to ignore it, to blame the person or institution that rejected you or to learn from it and of course the last reaction to rejection is clearly the best.
ဒီ Thesis statement ရဲ႕ေရွ႕မွာ introduction ေလးထပ္မံျဖည့္ဆီး ေပးရမွာပါ။ ဒီအေခါက္မွာ funnel method ကုိမသုံးေတာ့ဘဲ rhetorical question ေလးေတြနဲ႔ topic ကုိ introduction လုပ္ေပးၾကရေအာင္။ ဥပမာ-
– Have you ever been rejected by anyone or any organization in life? How did you deal with rejection? What helped you recover from the rejection? The way you deal with rejection may make you a successful person or an unsuccessful one depending on circumstances surrounding the rejection.
ေနာက္ဆုံး ဥပမာအေနနဲ႔ Overcoming challenges ဆုိတဲ့ေခါင္းစဥ္ကေလးနဲ႔ ေရးၾကည့္ရေအာင္။ ဒီေခါင္းစဥ္အရ ေအာက္ပါtopic sentence ေလး ေရးလုိ႔ ရပါတယ္။
ဒီ We can overcome challenges in life by following the three steps outlined below. ေလးကုိ expend လုပ္လုိက္တဲ့အခါမွာ ေဖာ္ျပပါ thesis statement ကုိရရွိပါတယ္။
– We can overcome challenges in life by identifying the challenge, recruiting the necessary help to confront it, and finally facing it head-on.
ဒီ Thesis statement ရဲ႕ ေရွ႕မွာ introduction ေလးထည့္ေပးၾကတဲ့အခါမွာ funnel တုိ႔ questions တုိ႔ကုိမသုံးဘဲ examplesေလးေတြနဲ႔ သုံးၾကည့္ ရေအာင္။
– The first time I encountered a major challenge in life, I simply gave up. I was in high school at the time and I was having a lot of trouble in my calculus class. How would I pass this class which I needed to pass in order to get into a good college? My answer was to give up. I dropped the calculus class and that sealed my fate. I had to say goodbye to UCs and CSUs and say hello to an entry-level job at a local fast food store. Of course, today I realize that what I did was wrong.
ကဲ introduction ေရးတဲ့နည္း သုံးမ်ဳိးသုံးပုံ ေဖာ္ျပေပးထားပါတယ္။ လူၾကဳိက္မ်ားတဲ့ funnel method ရယ္ rhetorical question ရယ္အခု example ေလးပါ ေဖာ္ျပေပးခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဒီေတာ့ ကုိယ္တုိင္ကုိယ္က် ေလ့က်င့္ေပးဖုိ႔ အခ်ိ္န္က်ေရာက္လာျပီေလ။ေဖာ္ျပပါ ေခါင္းစဥ္ေလး ဆယ္ခုကုိ အရင္ ဆုံးtopice sentence ေလးေတြေရးၾကည့္ၾကပါ။ျပီးေတာ့ ဒီtopice sentence ေလးေတြကုိ thesis statement အျဖစ္ေျပာင္းျပီးေရးႀကည့္လုိက္ပါ။ေနာက္ ဆုံးအေနနဲ႔ ပထမဆုံး ေခါင္းစဥ္ေလးကုိ ေရြးျပီး Dealing with a Difficult Boss ဆုိတဲ့ ေခါင္းစဥ္အတြက္ Introduction ေကာင္းေကာင္းေလး ပါတဲ့ introductory paragraph ေလး ေရးၾကည့္ၾကပါ။ ေရထဲမဆင္းဘဲ ေရကူးတတ္လာမႏုိင္ပါ။ ကုိယ္တုိင္ေရးၾကည့္မွ စာေရးတတ္မွာပါ။ ေလ့က်င့္ဖုိ႔ ေခါင္း စဥ္ေလး ဆယ္ခု ေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။ ၾကဳိးစားၾကည့္ၾကပါဦးခင္ဗ်ာ။
1. Dealing with a Difficult Boss 2. Superstitions 3.Love 4. Marriage 5. Overcoming One’s Fears 6.Jealousy 7.Domestic Violence 8. Poverty 9.friendship 10. The Person I Admire

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Editor - The Myanmar Gazette || First Amendment – Religion and Expression - Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.