In reality, according to citta-niyàma (psychic order or natural law of mental process) i.e. one citta at a time and two minds can’t arise at a same time; one mind is specified to arise only when the previous mind has already disappeared, but it seems to be seeing the previous one arising, existing and passing away.
Why ?
It is because of the deceitful actions or creations of the momentum of the previous minds which have already vanished.

In fact, one mind feels, perceives, knows or acts upon only the situation of nothing after the previous mind has already passed away.

How meaningless, empty and unsatisfactory is its nature!

But we think the action, feeling, responses and experiencing of our mind is meaningful and worthy to be centred, emphasized and taken as original reality or essence of life. It is because of the deceitful actions of the momentum of vanishing (impermanence) of previous mind.


The deceitful action(activation) of the vanishing momentum of the previous minds which have already disappeared, create the previous mind which has already passed away as if it is arising, existing and passing away, so the mind such as feeling or perception or volition or thinking – etc; seems to be arising, existing and passing away in our perception.

Thus in meditation , our mindfulness/perception seems to be seeing the previous mind such as perception, feeling, knowing, thinking or volition -etc, is arising, existing and then passing away.

If so, why do we develop that kind of mindfulness?

In fact, the main aim of our practising and developing mindfulness upon mind and body is to be able to accept and understand the truth that on account of constant vanishing_impermanent nature (deceitful actions of vanishing momentum of the previous minds), our mindfulness seems to be seeing as if the feeling, ascribing, seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, sensing, and thinking _etc, seem to be alive, arising, existing for a certain time and passing away.

In this case, it is necessary to understand and accept that
our current mindfulness is just created truth, in fake seeing and
even itself is also unworthy to be attached and grasped as reality.

According to citta-niyàma (psychic order or natural law of mental process) our mindfulness (observing mind) cannot detect or know the previous mind which has already gone.

Here we are explaining about citta-niyàma (psychic order or natural law of mental process)”only one citta at a time” which is arising & vanishing within very short moment.
(i.e The time duration of one unit of citta__consciousness is even less than one-trillionth part of the time occupied by a flash of lightning which lasts for a microsecond (10^-6 second), The sub commentary said that the mental elements (cittta & cetasika) arise and cease 10^15 x 10^6 = 10^21 times per second. Their extremely short duration is also mentioned in the Anguttara Nikaya.)

So, we may misunderstand that at first we must try to see directly “only one citta_consciousness at a time” which is arising & vanishing in very high rate as mentioned above.

Buddha taught the natural law of “one citta at a time” not because he want us to see that nature firstly and directly but because he want us to accept that our current mind/perception/feeling/seeing is unreal yet and just created truth or fraud or fake by sankhara dukkha_real impermanence in high rate as mentioned above.

(i.e. It means to accept and contemplate that until real final enlightenment our current perception/mindfulness is unreal and not yet seeing the real nature_Original reality)

It does not mean, by seeing the real nature of “one citta at a time” directly, real enlightenment will appear.

But it means to accept, contemplate and understand that whatever our mind can now perceive is just created truth or fraud by (sankhara dukkha)real impermanence(constant vanishing nature in very high rate) by understanding and remembering that natural law of “one citta at a time” that one mind cannot see the previous mind arising and existing.

By accepting and contemplating like that, we become able to abandon the attachment, grasping and centering upon whatever our mind can now perceive as reality and as of real importance.

In meditation or daily life, our perception/mindfulness seem to be seeing the previous mind such as thinking, knowing, feeling or volition is arising, existing and passing away because of the deceitful action of the constant vanishing momentum of the previous minds.

But do not mind for this fake seeing.

Just try to accept and contemplate whatever concerning with our current mind is just created truth and fake(fraud) because of (sankhara dukkha)the momentum of the real impermanence (constant vanishing nature in very high rate) of the previous minds which have already disappeared.

What advantages will come out by accepting, contemplating and understanding as mentioned above?

By accepting and contemplating that the observing mind itself and its observing object such as feeling, ascribing, hearing, smelling, tasting, sensing, and thinking -etc; seem to be arising, existing and passing away because of the illusive action of constant vanishing momentum of previous minds which have already gone,
we become able to abandon the attitude of centering, emphasizing, attaching them as reality and as of real importance.

The most important we need to understand is our main goal is to abandon the centring, emphasizing and attaching the created truths such as mind and matter that we are now understanding as reality and as of real importance.

Our aim is not to become a someone/something special/nothing.

This middle way is the direct stopping the unsatisfactory round of constant arising and vanishing nature __ dependent origination (Paticca Samuppada).

The more our mind can abandon the attitude of centring, emphasizing and attaching created truths such as mind and matter that our senses can now detect as reality and as of real importance,
the less misunderstanding of the feeling good or bad (Vedena) as original reality and importance.

Thus, our mind-action do not centre, emphasize and attach upon whatever concering the mind & matter that we are experiencing and knowing, as reality and as of real importance.

So, there will be no more arising of likes_ craving and dislikes_aversion (Tanha) concerning the mind such as feeling, knowing, experiencing, attributing, knowing, unknowing, thinking and not-thinking -etc.

Then, the more abandoning the mind-action of attaching, centering and emphasizing upon the created truths such as the mind and body with believing them as reality and as of real importance, the less attachment of created truths and the more our mind can have the connection with the original wisdom(right understanding of created truths and original truths.)

The less attachment and centring of mind and matter in our current perception as original reality, the more we can understand the original truth and created truths correctly.

More and more understanding to original truth & created truths correctly , our mind becomes perfect and free from defilements such as worries, aversion, craving, jealousy, sorrow, unsatisfactoriness, sorrow, lamentation, stress, agitation, doubts and attaching because of having connection with the Original Truth which is perfect, permanent and forever constant.

Our life and contemplation will become free, happy, peaceful and full of blessing naturally.

Summary

1) The main purpose of explaining ” only one citta at a time”
is not to try to see it firstly and directly. It is just giving the reason so that we can accept, contemplate and understand easily that whatever mind and body in our current perception is just created truth and fraud by the illusive action/activation of constant vanishing momentum of previous minds which have already gone.

2) The main purpose is to become able to abandon the mind-aciton of centring, emphazing and attaching upon the mind and body with believing them as reality and a real existence, by accepting and contemplating as mentioned above.

3) The more we can abandon the attitude of centring, emphasizing and thinking upon mind and body as original reality. the more detachment of our mind and body.

4) The more detachment of our mind and body, the more insight leading to real enlightenment.

5) Then, our mind will be free and it will also give rise to the ability of right utilization of created truths and thus our action will become “doing only “, “experiencing only” and “understanding only” upon the various kinds of “events,” “actions and inactions,” or “understanding and not-understanding” which enables us a real happy and easy life.

6) Priority is to abandon the attitude of centring, emphasizing, attaching with likes & dislikes upon mind and body as Priority and Original Reality.

(This article is based on the guided talks of meditation teacher, Ma Chit Myat Noe from Than_Lyin Natural Meditation Centre, Yangon, Myanmar(Burma).

အဂၤလိပ္လိုမဖတ္ခ်င္သူမ်ား
ျမန္မာလိုနားဆင္ရန္
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I want to share of right understanding which can give rise to real happiness & freedom as much as I can understand. My sharing is based on the teaching of Buddha, Mogok Sayadaw Gyi, Ahin Ottamasara from ThaBarWa Meditation Centre, Thanlyin Township, Yangon, Myanmar. ခ်မ္းသာအစစ္ကို ရရွိ သိရွိ နားလည္ေရး ...မဂၢင္ရွစ္ပါး တရားနည္း ( ႏွလံုးသြင္းမွန္မႈ) ကို သိရွိေရး တင္ျပသြားရန္ ရည္ရြယ္ပါသည္။