အရင္လက Compare and contrast paragraph ေလးေတြ ေရးတတ္လာေအာင္ Winners and Loser ဆုိတဲ့ နမူနာ paragraph ေလးကုိေဖာ္ျပေပးခဲ့ပါတယ္။ စာဖတ္သူေတြကျမန္မာပီပီ ဥာဏ္ရည္ထက္ျမတ္ႀကေတာ့ နမူနာေလးတစ္ခုေလာက္နဲ႔ဘဲ Compare and contrast paragraph တုိ႔ကုိ ေကာင္းေကာင္းေရးတတ္သြားေလာက္ပါျပီ။ ဒါေပမဲ့ ထပ္မံျပီးေလ့က်င့္ႀကပါဆုိလွ်င္ မည္သူမွ် ျငင္းႀကလိမ့္မည္ မထင္ပါ။ practice makes perfect ဆုိတာ အားလုံးႀကားဖူးႀကပါလိမ့္မယ္။ ဒီေတာ့ ဒီလမွာ Givers and Takers ဆုိတဲ့ ေခါင္းစဥ္ေလးနဲ႔ Paragraph ေလးတစ္ပုဒ္ ထပ္ျပီးေရးႀကရေအာင္။ ဦးစြာပထမ topic sentence ေလးကုိေရးရမွာပါ။ အားလုံးမွတ္မိႀကပါတယ္ေနာ္ ။ ဆုိပါစုိ႔
There are three main differences between givers and takers. လုိ႔ေရးလုိက္မယ္ဆုိရင္ တမ်ဳိးႀကီး ျဖစ္ေနတယ္။ Takers ဆုိတာဘာလည္း Givers ဆုိတာဘယ္သူလဲေမးစရာရွိပါတယ္။ Givers တုိ႔Takers တုိ႔ဆုိတာ အမ်ားသုံး ေနႀကေ၀ါဟာရေလးေတြမဟုတ္ဘူးေလ။ သုံးေနႀကေ၀ါဟာရေလးေတြေတာင္ ေခတ္ေျပာင္းသြားရင္ အဓိပၸါယ္ ေျပာင္းသြားတတ္ပါတယ္။ ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ ဆုိတဲ့ ေ၀ါဟာရေလးကုိႀကည့္ေလ။ ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေအာင္ဆန္းတုိ႔ေခတ္က တကယ္ေလးစား စရာ၊ တကယ္တန္ဖိုးရွိတဲ့ စကားလုံးေလးပါ။ ခုေခတ္ႀကေတာ့ ေမးစရာေလးေတြျဖစ္လာျပီ၊ ဘာခ်ဳပ္တာလည္း ဆီးခ်ဳပ္တာလား၊၀မ္းခ်ဳပ္တာလား၊ဒီမုိကေရစီသမားေတြကုိဖမ္းခ်ဳပ္တာလား။ ေလးစားဖုိ႔မထုိက္တဲ့ ေ၀ါဟာရေလးျဖစ္သြား ျပီေလ။ ထားပါေတာ့ေလ- topic sentence အေႀကာင္းျပန္ဆက္ရေအာင္။ ဒီလုိေလးျပင္ေပးရေအာင္။
– Everyone in the world can be divided into two groups- givers and takers and there are three major differences between the two.
ဒီလုိေရးလုိက္ေတာ့ နည္းနည္းပုိရွင္းသြားတာေပါ။့ Givers ဆုိတာေပးဆပ္သူမ်ားေပါ့ေနာ္။ Takers ဆုိတာ ရယူသူမ်ားေပါ့ေနာ္။ ဥပမာအားျဖင့္ မိသားစုတစ္ခုကုိႀကည့္မယ္ဆုိရင္ ကေလးေတြဟာငယ္ရြယ္စဥ္ကေတာ့ Takers ေတြေပါ့။ မိဘေတြက Givers ေတြေပါ့။ အဲ့မိဘေတြ အုိစာလာတဲ့အခါ ေျပာင္းျပန္ျဖစ္သြားေလ့ရွိတယ္။ သားသမီးေတြက Givers ေတြျဖစ္လာျပီး ၊မိဘႏွစ္ပါးကTakers အျဖစ္အသြင္ေျပာင္းသြားတတ္ပါတယ္။ ကဲ ဒီGivers နဲ႔ Takers တုိ႔ရဲ႕ကြာျခားခ်က္ကေလးေတြကုိ ခ်ျပီးေရးႀကည့္ႀကရေအာင္။ List လုပ္ႀကည့္ႀကပါစုိ႔။
Givers Takers
-Enjoys helping others enjoys receiving help from others
-More concerned with well-being of others more concerned with their well-being
-Less concerned with their well-being less concerned with well-being of others
-Feel powerful and has confidence feel powerless and lacks confidence
-Hight self-esteem low self-esteem
ဒီလုိ အခ်က္အလက္ေတြ စုံလင္ျပီဆုိေတာ့ မိမိႏွစ္သက္တဲ့အခ်က္ေလး ၃ခုကုိေရြးခ်ယ္လုိက္ပါ။ ဥပမာ-
ၤၤFirst of all, givers enjoy helping others. It is what makes them happy. My cousin-Zaw Zaw-for instance, is happiest when taking care of his elderly father. He always has a big smile on his face when he is with his dad. On the other hand, takers love receiving help from others. They are happiest when someone has given them something be it money or gifts or some sort of service. For example, whenever, I return to Myanmar and hand out gifts to my relatives, I can see their eyes lit up with joy as they receive Rolex watches, Louis Vuitton Bags, and I-phones.
ေပးဆပ္သူမ်ားနဲ႔ ရယူသြားမ်ားရဲ႕ ကြားျခားခ်က္ေလးေတြကုိ သေဘာေပါက္ပါတယ္ေနာ္။ ကဲ ဒုတိယအခ်က္ေလးကုိ ေရြးခ်ယ္ျပီး ခရီးဆက္ႀကပါစုိ႔။
Secondly, givers are more concerned with others’ well-being. A giver often sacrifices his or her desires in order to fulfill the needs of someone he or she loves. A mother taking care of her baby can go for days without adequate sleep because of her love for her baby. In contrast, takers are concerned only with their own well-being. They never take the well-being of others into consideration. A baby crying for milk only knows it wants milk. It doesn’t know that the mother has to get up early in the morning to go to work and needs to sleep.
Takers ေတြဟာ တကယ္ေတာ့ ျမန္မာျပည္ကုိကယ္တင္ခဲ့တဲ့ဆုိေတာ့ စစ္ဗုိလ္ႀကီးေတြလုိပါပဲ ။ ဇနီးသားသမီးတုိ႔က ေရာက္ဖူးခ်င္တာပဲသိတယ္။ ျပည္သူေတြထမင္းငတ္ေနတာကုိေတာ့ သိလည္းမသိဘူး။ သိလည္းဂရုမစုိက္ပါ ဘူး။သမီးေတြဇနီးေတြက စိန္လက္စြပ္ႀကီးႀကီး၀တ္ခ်င္တာပဲသိတယ္။ ျပည္သူေတြကုန္းေကာက္စရာ မရွိတာႀကေတာ့ မျမင္ခ်င္ေယာင္ေဆာင္ေနပါတယ္။ ထားပါေတာ့ေလ- ေနာက္ဆုံးအခ်က္ေလးကိုႀကည့္ၾကရေအာင္။
Finally, givers tend to feel powerful and have a lot of confidence in themselves. They usually feel good about themselves. For instance, one of the prime givers in the world-the Dalai Lama- is always smiling and always in a good mood. He has so much “love” to give to the world that it makes him strong and confident. In contrast, takers feel powerless and lack confidence. They have low self-esteem and feel terrible about themselves. For instance, the homeless people we see on the streets are rarely happy and have no confidence in themselves.
Conclusion ေလးကုိေတာ့ ေနာက္လႀကမွ ေဖာ္ျပေပးဖုိ႔ ရည္ရြယ္ထားပါတယ္။ စာဖတ္သူတုိ႔လည္းေရးႀကည့္ႀကပါ။ Conclusion ဆုိတာ ၀ါက်ေလးတစ္ေႀကာင္းတည္းပါ။ ေနာက္လမွ နမူနာေလးေရးထားတဲ့ Conclusion နဲ႔ယွဥ္ႀကည့္ ႀကေပါ့။စာဖတ္သူမ်ားေရးထားတဲ့ Conclusion ေလးက ပုိေတာင္ေကာင္းေနမွာပါ။ အရင္လက ကတိေပးထားတဲ့အတုိင္း 3 line poems ေလးေတြေဖာ္ျပဖုိ႔ အခ်ိန္ေရာက္လာပါျပီ။ စာေရးသူရဲ႕ E-mail ေလးကုိေဖာ္ျပေပးခဲ့တဲ့အယ္ဒီတာအဖြဲ႔ကုိ အထူးေက်းဇူးတင္ပါတယ္။ အေႀကာင္းကေတာ့ ဒီလုိေဖာ္ျပေပးခဲ့တဲ့အတြက္တပည့္ေဟာင္းေလးေတြေတာ္ေတာ္မ်ားမ်ားနဲ႔ျပန္လည္ဆက္သြယ္မိပါတယ္။ ယခုလမွာေတာ့ ဂ်ပန္က တပည့္ေဟာင္းေလးျဖစ္သူ ယုလႈိင္ရဲ႕ ကဗ်ာေလးကုိေဖာ္ျပေပး ပါ့မယ္။ Myanmar Gazette က ဂ်ပန္အထိေရာက္သြားတာ အံႀသစရာေပါ့ေနာ္။
-In the moonlight
-Standing alone
-I am missing you
ယုလႈိင္က ဂ်ပန္လုိပါကၽြမ္းေနေပမဲ့ အဂၤလိပ္စာလည္းမေမ့ေသးတာေတြ႔ႏုိင္ပါတယ္။သူ႔ခမွ်ာ အေမရိကားေရာက္ေနတဲ့ တခ်ဳိ႕ျမန္မာေတြလုိပါဘဲ။ အေမက ရန္ကုန္မွာ က်န္ေနခဲ့ေတာ့လြမ္းလို႕ အေမအတြက္ေရးထားတဲ့ကဗ်ာေလးပါ တဲ့။ေနာက္လႀကမွာ အျခားကဗ်ာေလးေတြေဖာ္ျပေပးပါအုံးမယ္။ ဒီလမွာေတာ့ နားႀကပါစုိ႕။

kai

About kai

Kai has written 979 post in this Website..

Editor - The Myanmar Gazette || First Amendment – Religion and Expression - Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.