တပါတီစံႏွစ္ကိုက်င့္သုံးၾကတဲ့ကြန္ျမဴနစ္ႏိုင္ငံေတြကနဲပါးလာျပီး၊၎

ႏိုင္ငံအသိုင္းအဝိုင္းအနဲအက်ဥ္းမွာ လာအိုလဲပါဝင္တယ္၊

၁၉၈၆ ကစျပီး ဗဟိုဦးစီးစံနစ္ကိုစြန္႕လႊတ္ကာ ပုဂၢလိကလုပ္ငန္းေတြကို
အားေပးလာတယ္၊ ၁၉၉၇ အာရွ စီးပြါးေရးျပသနာျဖစ္ခ်ိန္ ကလြဲလို႕
ႏွစ္စဥ္ ၆% ထက္မနဲ တိုးတက္ခဲ့တယ္၊

လြန္ခဲ့တဲ့ ဆယ္ႏွစ္ကာလ မွာဆိုရင္ ဖ်မ္းမွ်အားျဖင့္ ၈ % ႏွစ္စဥ္တိုးတက္လို႕
အာရွမွာ တိုးတက္မႈအျမန္ဆုံး ထဲကတႏိုင္ငံ ျဖစ္ခဲ့တယ္၊

သို႕ေသာ္အေျခခံ အေဆာက္အအံုေတြမျပည့္စံုမဖူလံုေသးပါ၊ အထူးသျဖင့္နယ္မွာပါ၊
ပင္မ လမ္းပန္းဆက္သြယ္ေရး နဲ႕ ေျမတယ္လီဖုန္း လိုင္းေတြက မဖြံ႕ျဖိဳးေသး ပါ၊
လူဦးေရ ၈၃ % တို႕က လွ်ပ္စစ္ ကိုလက္လွမ္းမွီႏိုင္သုံးစြဲႏိုင္တယ္၊
လူဦးေရ ၇၃ % ကလယ္သမားျဖစ္ၾကျပီး ၎တို႕က တႏိုင္ငံလုံးဝင္ေငြ ရဲ့ ၂၅ %

ကိုရွာေဖြေပးၾကတယ္၊

 

 

 

xaya1thpc2

 

LAOS

FROM CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/la.html
The government of Laos, one of the few remaining one-party communist states, began decentralizing control and encouraging private enterprise in 1986. Economic growth averaged 6% per year from 1988-2008 except during the short-lived drop caused by the Asian financial crisis that began in 1997. Laos’ growth has more recently been amongst the fastest in Asia and averaged nearly 8% per year for the last decade.
Nevertheless, Laos remains a country with an underdeveloped infrastructure, particularly in rural areas. It has a basic, but improving, road system, and limited external and internal land-line telecommunications. Electricity is available to 83% of the population. Agriculture, dominated by rice cultivation in lowland areas, accounts for about 25% of GDP and 73% of total employment.
Laos’ economy is heavily dependent on capital-intensive natural resource exports. The economy has benefited from high-profile foreign direct investment in hydropower dams along the Mekong river, copper and gold mining, logging, and construction, although some projects in these industries have drawn criticism for their environmental impacts.


   
လာအိုနဲ႕ျမန္မာ တဦးခ်င္း ဝင္ေငြ ႏိႈင္းယွဥ္ဇယား


ေအာက္ကပုံေတြကိုၾကည့္ပါ

အမွတ္စဥ္ ၁၄၆ လာအို ရဲ့တဦးခ်င္းဝင္ေငြ က ၃၁၀၀ US$

အမွတ္စဥ္ ၁၅၈ ျမန္မာ ရဲ့တဦးခ်င္းဝင္ေငြ က ၁၇၀၀ US$

ဆိုေတာ့ လာအို က ျမန္မာထက္ ၁၄၀၀ US$ (၈၀ %) သာေနတယ္၊
(ေနာက္ တဆ နီးပါးသာေနပါတယ္၊
ႏွစ္ဆ နီးပါးဆိုပါစို႕)
(၁၉၉၇ က စ ျပီး ၂၀၁၆ အထိ တေရြ႕ေရြ႕ေျပာင္းလဲလာပံုကိုေအာက္ဆုံး
အပိုင္း မွာ လဲ ထပ္မံတင္ျပထားတယ္)
norus2013gdp13LaoBurmagdp2013ppp


 

လွ်ပ္စစ္ဓာတ္အားထုတ္တာလဲ ဒီအခ်ိဳး( ၁.၈) နီးပါးဘဲ၊
လာ အို အမွတ္ ၈၈ က ၁၂၂၄၂ GWh
ျမန္မာ အမွတ္ ၁၀၄ က ၇၁၄၄ GWh
လွ်ပ္စစ္ဓာတ္အားထုတ္လုပ္ၾကတယ္။
အဆင့္။…………. ႏိုင္ငံ။ …………………………လွ်ပ္စစ္အင္အား ။ ……..ထုတ္လုပ္တဲ့ ႏွစ္၊

Rank                   Country                                      GWh                    Year

laoelegencoun
၂၀၀၀ မွ ၂၀၁၄ ထိ ႏွစ္စဥ္ႏိုင္ငံျခားကိုတင္ပို႕ေရာင္းခ်
လိုက္တဲ့လွ်ပ္စစ္ဓာတ္အား ဇယား (ကီလိုဝပ္နာရီ)

 

laoelecexpo

  ၂၀၁၃ နဲ႕၂၀၁၄ အၾကားမွာ ၂၅၃၇ ထိ အဆ ေပါင္း ၅ ဆ
မွ ၇ ဆ ထိ ခံုပ်ံေက်ာ္လႊား တိုးျပီး တင္ပို႕ ႏိုင္ခဲ့တယ္၊
အားက်စရာေကာင္းတယ္၊

xaya2xara3


စရာဘူရိ ေရကာတာ 

Xayaburi Dan

Laos’ 1,285-MW Xayaburi hydropower project receives loan from Thai construction firm

Hydroworld.com

 

 

စရာဘူရိ ေရကာတာ လုပ္ဘို႕ေခ်းေငြ US $ ၅၃၁. ၇ သန္း ကို ယိုးဒယား ကုမၸဏီ Karnchang PLC က ရခဲ့တယ္

 ၁၂၈၅ MW လွ်ပ္စစ္စြမ္းအားထုတ္ႏိုင္မယ္၊


Thai construction firm CH. Karnchang PLC has approved a loan totaling more than US$531.7 million to subsidiary Xayaburi Power Co. Ltd. for the development of Laos’ 1,285-MW Xayaburi hydropower plant.

ေနာက္တိုးလာတဲ့ကုန္က်စားရိတ္အတြက္ျဖစ္တယ္

The financing, approved during a CK board meeting earlier this week, will be used “to pay for the increased construction works” of the project, “due to the Government of the Lao PDR’s amendment to the scope of construction work.”
 

US$ ၃.၅ ဘီလ်ံတန္ ဒီေရကာတာက ၆၀ % ျပီးေနေၾကာင္း ႏိုဝင္ဘာ လတြင္
အစီရင္ခံျပီးပါျပီ၊ယိုးဒယား နဲ႕ ၃၁ ႏွစ္ စာခ်ဳပ္ ခ်ဳပ္ျပီး လွ်ပ္စစ္ဓာက္အားေရာင္းမယ္

 

HydroWorld.com reported in November that the $3.5 billion project was 60% complete, with additional financing coming form a consortium of Thai banks.
Power generated by the run-of-river will be sold under a 31-year power purchase agreement to the Electricity Generating Company of Thailand and Electricite du Laos.
 

 ေအာက္ပိုင္း မဲေခါင္ျမစ္ဝွမ္းေဒသ မွာ ဒီေရကာတာကိုလုပ္ဘို႕ ပဌမ ဦးဆုံး
အဆိုျပဳတာျဖစ္ျပီး၊ “ဘက္ထရီ အိုး ၾကီး” လို လာအို က ဒီ  မဲေခါင္ျမစ္ဝွမ္
ေဒသၾကီးကို  ဓာတ္အား  ျဖန္႕ခ်ီတင္ပို႕ေရာင္းခ်မွာ ျဖစ္တယ္၊
ဒီေဒသၾကီးအတြက္ လုပ္ဘို႕ေရကာတာ ၁၁ လုံး အနက္က ၁ လုံးပါ၊
ဗီယက္နမ္ နဲ႕ကေမၺာဒီယား တို႕ကိုလဲေရာင္းမယ္ျဖစ္ေသာ္လည္းယိုးဒယားကို
အဓိကထားျပီးေရာင္းခ်တင္ပို႕မွာပါ၊

 

 

 

Xayaburi is the first of 11 hydroelectric projects proposed for the Lower Mekong River as part of Laos’ plan to become the “battery of the region.”
Thailand is the largest purchaser of Laotian energy, though the country also exports to Vietnam and Cambodia under terms of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Xayaburi Dam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xayaburi_Dam

 

 

 

အဆင့္။…………. ႏိုင္ငံ။ …………………………လွ်ပ္စစ္အင္အား ။ ……..ထုတ္လုပ္တဲ့ ႏွစ္၊

 

Rank            Country                                                 GWh                              Year

laolist expocount

 

History
On 4 May 2007, the Lao government signed a memorandum of understanding with Thailand’s CH. Karnchang Public Company for the development of this hydropower project. The formal project development agreement followed in November 2008,

Xayaburi Dam – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Xayaburi Dam is a hydroelectric dam under construction on the Lower Mekong River approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of Xayaburi (Sainyabuli) town in n…
View on en.wikipedia.org

လာအို မွာ အေစာဆုံး ေဆာက္လုပ္တဲ့ေရကာတာ က  Nam Ngum 1 ျဖစ္တယ္၊
၁၉၇၁ ခုကထဲက  ဂ်ပန္အကူအညီနဲ႕လုပ္ခဲ့တယ္၊

The country’s earliest major dam was built on the Ngum River in Vientiane Province, for the Nam Ngum 1 Hydropower plant. Completed in 1971 with Japanese aid, it flooded 370 km² of forest and farmland to create a large reservoir

(ေရကာတာလုပ္တာကို မေကာင္းဘဲျမင္ျပီး၊က်င္ၾကီးလာစြန္႕တယ္လို႕
ေတာင္႐ိုင္း႐ိုင္းဆိုင္းဆိုင္း စြပ္စြဲသူတို႕လဲရွိတယ္၊ ဂ်ပန္က်ေတာ့ဒီလို
မစြပ္စြဲဘဲ တ႐ုပ္ကိုဘဲ မဲေနၾကတယ္)
(Did the Japanese start poohing in Laos? Why didn’t he call out the Japanese and just pick on China?)
လာအို အလယ္ပိုင္းက Theun-Hinboun  စီမံကိန္း အရ တည္ေဆာက္တဲ့လွ်ပ္စစ္ထုတ္
ေရကာတာေတြ ဟာ ေတာ္ေတာ္ေအာင္ျမင္တယ္၊
  Theun ျမစ္ နဲ Hinboun ႕ ျမစ္ကို လိုဏ္းဂူေရေၾကာင္းေဖာက္ျပီးလုပ္ယူရတယ္၊
၁၉၉၈ နဲ႕ ၂၀၁၂ မွာႏွစ္ဆင့္လုပ္ျပီး ၂၂၀ MWh အင္အား ထုတ္ေပးတယ္၊

One of the most productive hydropower projects in Laos has been the Theun-Hinboun scheme in the center of the country, and built in two phases which opened in 1998 and 2012. The initial project featured a relatively small dam and reservoir, transferring water from the Theun River to the neighbouring (and lower) Hinboun River by tunnel, producing 220 MWh
ႏိုင္ငံျခားကိုတင္ပို႕ေရာင္းခ်ဘို႕ ပစၥည္းသိပ္မရွိလွတဲ့အခ်ိန္မွာ ဒီလိုေရလွ်ပ္စစ္
စြမ္းအားေတြကိုယိုးဒယား ဆီတင္ပို႕ႏိုင္လို႕စီးပြါးအေတာ္ျဖစ္ထြန္းခဲ့တယ္၊

 
ဒီလိုေအာင္ျမင္တာကိုအားရျပီး ႏိုင္ငံတကာမွရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈက
တိုးပြါးလာကာ
၂၂၀ MW ထုတ္ တာဘိုင္ Theun Hinboun Powerhouse  မွာေနာက္တလုံးကို၎၊
  ၆၀ MW ထုတ္ စက္ရုံတခု ကို    ျမစ္ ဆြယ္ မွာ ၎၊
တိုးခ်ဲ႕တည္ေဆာက္ခဲ့တယ္၊
(ယိုးဒယား ကိုလွ်ပ္စစ္စြမ္းအားေရာင္းတာကႏွစ္စဥ္ဝင္ေငြ
ေတာ္ေတာ္ရတယ္)

 

.Theun-Hinboun provided substantial economic benefits to Laos through energy sales to neighboring Thailand at a time when the country had few exports, and its success encouraged other international investments in the country, including the Theun-Hinboun Expansion Project.[3] This project added another 220-MW turbine at the Theun-Hinboun powerhouse and also built a 60-MW powerhouse on the Gnouang River, a tributary river of the Nam Theun. The water for this expanded power generation is supplied by a new 105-km2 reservoir on the Nam Gnouang, created by construction of the 65-m high NG Dam.

(Sales to Thailand – a substantial source of annual income)
ဒိအျပင္ ေနာက္ထပ္လွ်ပ္စစ္စြမ္းအားထုတ္ ေရကာတာ၂၁ လုံးကိုတည္ေဆာက္ဘို႕
လာအို အစိုးရက သေဘာတူခြင့္ျပဳထားတယ္၊
၂၀၁၂ – ၂၀၂၂ အတြင္းမွာ တႏွစ္ကို ဓာတ္အားထုတ္ ေရကာတာ ၂ လုံး ေဆာက္လုပ္မယ္၊
An additional 21 dam projects in Laos have been granted power development agreements by the Lao government, which expects to open two new power plants in the country every year from 2012-2022.

ႏိုင္ငံရဲ့စီးပြါးေရးဖြံ႕ျဖိဳးတိုးတက္ႏိုင္ဘို႕ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေငြက အေရးပါအရာေရာက္တယ္
၎ေငြကိုရႏိုင္တဲ့နည္း ဟာ အိမ္နီးခ်င္း ယိုးဒယားကိုလွ်ပ္စစ္ေရာင္းတာ က အဓိကျဖစ္တယ္ လို႕
ျမင္ၾကတယ္၊

 

The controversy of dam building mirrors that concerning globalization. Proponents argue that the dams provide a sustainable source of foreign currency vital for economic growth, achieved primarily by selling electricity to neighbouring Thailand

အနီးအနား မ ေဝး လံ လို႕ လာအိုက ယိုးဒယားနဲ႕ ဗီယက္နမ္ တို႕ကို
ဓာတ္အားေတြေရာင္းတယ္၊
ထို႕အတူ လာအို ရဲ့ေျမာက္ပိုင္းျပည္နယ္နဲ႕ျမိဳ႕မ်ားအတြက္
လိုအပ္တဲ့လွ်ပ္စစ္ဓာတ္အားကို လာအိုကနီးစပ္ရာတ႐ုပ္ေရ
ကာတာမွဝယ္ယူသုံးစြဲတယ္၊
(အိမ္နီးခ်င္းႏိုင္ငံမွာေရကာတာေတြလိုက္ေဆာက္ျပီးလွ်ပ္စစ္
စြမ္းအားရယူသြားတာက “ႏွပ္ခ်” သြားတယ္လို႕အဆိုးျမင္
သူေတြကစြပ္စြဲၾကတယ္၊ ဒီလိုေျပာစတမ္း ဆိုရင္
ယိုးဒယား နဲ႕ဗီယက္နမ္ တို႕ကလာအိုကို”ႏွပ္ခ်” သြားတယ္၊
တဖန္ လာအိုကလဲတ႐ုပ္ကို”ႏွပ္ခ်” သြားတယ္လို႕ဘဲ ဆိုရမလား?

 

(FYI, Laos sells electricity to Thailand and Vietnam because of proximity. However, for the same proximity reason, Laos imports electricity from China dams for its northern cities.
Will someone then categorize Laos as poohing in China and “suckering” China?).

လွ်ပ္စစ္စြမ္းအားတင္ပို႕ေရာင္းခ်တဲ့ႏိုင္ငံမ်ားဇယားကိုၾကည့္ပါ၊
ကီလိုဝပ္နဲ႕ပါ၊
ထိပ္တန္းကျပင္သစ္ ဂ်ာမဏီ ကေနတာ ပါ၊
ေနာ္ေဝ က နံပါတ္ ၈ တ႐ုပ္ က ၁၂ ယူအက္စ္ က ၁၉
လာအိုက ၄၁ ပါ
 
——————
ေရမွလွ်ပ္စစ္စြမ္းအားကို အဘိုးတန္ ကုန္ပစၥည္း (ေရႊျဖဴ) လို
ႏိုင္ငံတကာက သန္းခ်ီျပီး ဝယ္ယူေရာင္းခ် ဖလွယ္ၾကတယ္၊
အက်ိဳးရွိစြာ ေကာင္းေရာင္းေကာင္းဝယ္ အသုံးျပဳၾကတယ္၊
ဒီလိုမျမင္ဘဲနဲ႕  မ စင္နဲ႕ႏိႈင္းေလာက္ေအာင္ အ ဆိုးၾကီးဘဲ
ျမင္တတ္တဲ့ အျမင္က်ဥ္းသမားရွိလဲရွိတတ္တယ္၊

laoelecexpocount2a

laoelecexpocount2
လွ်ပ္စစ္အမ်ားဆုံးထုတ္လုပ္တဲ့ အာရွႏိုင္ငံမ်ားဇယား

တ႐ုပ္ အိႏၵိယ ဂ်ပန္ ကေရွ႕မွာပါ၊
တ႐ုပ္ ကအိႏၵိယ နဲ႕ဂ်ပန္ ထက္ ၄ ဆ ၆ဆ ၾကီးတယ္
တ႐ုပ္ ကအိႏၵိယ ဂ်ပန္ နဲ႕က်န္ အာရွႏိုင္ငံအားလုံးေပါင္း တို႕ထက္
ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္ပိုထုတ္ႏိုင္တယ္

 
 

dataportal2007expocomp12b

 

 

Laos
Laos is a place of remarkable beauty, world-renowned biodiversity and abundant natural resources. The country is traversed by a thousand rivers that teem with life….
View on www.internationalriver…

အေရွ႕ေတာင္အာရွ ႏိုင္ငံေတြအတြက္ လွ်ပ္စစ္ျဖန္႕ခ်ီေပးမဲ့
“ဘတ္ဒရီအိုးၾကီး” ျဖစ္ေအာင္ လာအိုအစိုးရ ကၾကိဳးပမ္းေနတယ္ဒီလို ေအာင္ျမင္ထြန္းကားဘို႕ ယိုးဒယား တ႐ုပ္ ဗီယနမ္ မေလးရွား
ကဝိုင္းဝန္းရင္းႏွီးလုပ္ေဆာင္လ်က္ပါ၊ကမၸာ့ဘဏ္ အာရွဘဏ္နဲ႕ဂ်ပန္ ျပင္သစ္ ေနာ္ေဝ မွ ကုမၸဏီေတြလဲ
ပါဝင္ဘို႕ေနရာယူေနၾကတယ္၊The Lao government hopes to transform the country into “the battery of Southeast Asia” by exporting the power to Thailand and Vietnam. The companies and investors driving the current Lao hydro-boom hail from Thailand, China, Vietnam and Malaysia, though the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and companies from Japan , France and Norway remain on the scene.
    လာအိုဖြံ႕ျဖိဳးေရးစီမံကိန္းမွာ ေရကာတာ အၾကီး အသစ္ ၇၂လုံး
ေဆာက္ဘို႕ျဖစ္တယ္၊ ၎အနက္ ၂၅ လုံး က အဆင့္ျမင့္ စီမံတဲ့
အဆင့္ေရာက္ၾကျပီး၊ ေအာက္ပိုင္းမဲေခါင္ေဒသၾကီးအတြက္ ၉ လုံး
ပါဝင္တယ္၊

The Lao hydropower development plan contains 72 new large dams, 12 of which are under construction and nearly 25 at advanced planning stages (see map and table). Included in these are a series of nine dams on the lower Mekong Mainstream, of which Xayaburi is the first.

THPC
Laos Looks to Balance China’s Growing Economic Influence

Hydropower investment

 ေရကာတာ ၉ လုံး အတြက္  ရင္းႏွီးၾကမဲ့အဖြဲ႕ေတြ အနက္ တ႐ုပ္က  
၊ေရွ႕ေျပးျဖစ္ေနတယ္

 

…..China is also a leading investor in hydropower, with several dams planned to be built on tributaries
from the Mekong River with reports indicating China is preparing to sign contracts for up to nine
new dams. Laos’ northern provinces rely on electricity from China, as most Laos hydropower
power is exported to neighboring Thailand……

——————————-

thpc1

THPC
Laos, a land of mountains, plateaus, valleys, forests and rivers, has long been recognised as a country with huge potential for hydropower.
View on www.thpclaos.com

 မဖြံ႕ျဖိဳးဘဲ အနိမ့္ဆုံးအဆင့္ေရာက္ႏိုင္ငံမ်ား မွ
၂၀၂၀ မွာ ရုန္းထြက္ႏိုင္ေအာင္ ဆိုတဲ့ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္ပန္းတိုင္ကို
လာအိုအစိုးရက ၁၉၉၆ မွာ  သတ္မွတ္လိုက္တယ္၊
 
လူေတြကိုဆင္းရဲတဲ့ဘဝ မွ ျမႇင့္တင္ဘို႕ဆိုတဲ့ပန္းတိုင္အတြက္
 ဓာတ္အားအပိုင္းကိုဦးစားေပးထားတယ္၊

In 1996 the Lao Government set a poverty reduction goal, aiming to lift the country out of the UN’s list of Least Developed Countries by 2020. The power sector has been allocated a central role in this ambition, and is tasked with meeting two national priorities: promotion of economic and social advancement through a reliable and affordable domestic power supply; and the earning of foreign exchange through electricity exports.

၁၉၉၅ မွာဆိုရင္ ျပည္သူေတြက လွ်ပ္စစ္ဓာတ္အား ကို လက္လွမ္းမွီသုံးႏိုင္တာ က ၁၆ % သာ
ျဖစ္ျပီး၊၂၀၁၂ က်ေတာ့ ၇၇ % ေသာ ျပည္သူက လွ်ပ္စစ္ဓာတ္အားကိုလက္လွမ္းမွီသုံးစြဲလာၾကတယ္၊
အျခားကုန္ပစၥည္းေတြကိုႏိုင္ငံျခားသို႕ပိုမိုတင္ပို႕ေရာင္ခ်ႏိုင္တဲ့အျပင္ဒီအၾကားမွာ ႏိုင္ငံျခားပို႕လွ်ပ္စစ္ေရာင္းရ
ေငြေတြကလဲ အခ်ိဳးအားျဖင့္ ၃ခ်ိဳး ၂ခ်ိဳး ေတာ္ေတာ္ၾကီးတဲ့အပိုင္းမွာအျမဲ ေနရာယူတာက ၂၀၀၈ 
က စ တာ (ခုထိ) ပါ၊(လွ်ပ္စစ္လဲ ျပိဳင္တူတိုးေရာင္းရလို႕၎ရဲ့ ၃ခ်ိဳး ၂ခ်ိဳး ကိုဆက္ထိန္းႏိုင္)Access to electricity across Laos has increased from 16% in 1995 to 77% in 2012. Since 2008 electricity sales have accounted for over a third of all exports, even as exports of other products have risen significantly.

Theun-Hinboun Power Company, Lao PDR

 

Theun-Hinboun Power Company, Lao PDR
Welcome to THPC A guiding model for sustainable hydropower in the Lao PDR THPC operates the Theun-Hinboun hydropower plant in Bolikhamxay and Khammo…
View on www.thpclaos.com

 

Laos Inaugurates Major Revenue-Generating Hydropower Plant

02/01/2011 | Sonal Patel
  ၁၀၇၀ MW ေရလွ်ပ္စစ္ထုတ္ Nam Theun 2 Power Station  ကိုအခမ္းအနားနဲ႕ဖြင့္
 ထုတ္လုပ္တဲ့ အင္အား ၉၀ % ကိုယိုးဒယားသို႕ေရာင္းမယ္၊
 
   လာမဲ့ ၂၅ ႏွစ္မွာ ႏွစ္စဥ္  သန္း US $  ၈၀ မွန္မွန္ ရမယ္၊ တဘက္မွာလဲ
ျပည္တြင္းသုံးရဲ့ ၂၀ % ဓာတ္အား ကိုလဲျဖည့္တင္းႏိုင္တယ္၊
 
    

The Lao People’s Democratic Republic in December inaugurated a 1,070-MW hydropower project, the Nam Theun 2 Power Station. About 90% of the power generated by the facility will be exported to neighboring Thailand, giving the tiny landlocked nation of Laos an annual US$80 million revenue stream over the next 25 years. It will also supply electricity for 20% of Laos’ peak demand. This image shows the view from the 39-meter-high, 436-meter-long concrete gravity Nakai Dam in October 2010. Courtesy: Stanislas Fradelizi/NTP

 

Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR), the tiny landlocked country in Southeast Asia of just 6.3 million people, in December inaugurated the 1,070-MW Nam Theun 2 Power Station, a hydropower project in Khammouane Province. It was constructed with financial aid from the World Bank and Asian Development Bank. Ninety percent of the electricity generated by the project is expected to be sold to Thailand, providing the PDR (also known as Laos) with an annual US$80 million revenue stream over the next 25 years.

Construction began on the project in June 2005, and the first export of electricity was made in March 2010. The plant also supplies around 20% of Laos’ peak demand. It was developed by the Nam Theun 2 Power Co., which is owned by Électricité de France International, Electricity Generating Public Co. (Thailand), and the Government of Lao PDR.

  ၃၅၀ မီတာ (၁၁၄၈ ေပ၊  အထပ္ ၇၅ မွ အထပ္ ၉၀ ေလာက္) ျမင့္တဲ့   Nakai 
  ကုန္းေျမျမင့္ ကေန လိုဏ္ဂူေရေၾကာင္း
 ေဖာက္ကာ  ေအာက္နားက Gnommalath Plain
 ေျမျပင္ သို႕ ေရသြယ္ျပီးေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္လုပ္ ရင္ 
 
 ၆၀၀၀ GW ဓာတ္အားကိုထုတ္လုပ္ႏိုင္မယ္၊

The project feeds on the abundant waters of the Nakai Plateau in central Laos and uses the 350-meter height difference between the plateau and the Gnommalath Plain below (Figure 3). According to the Nam Theun 2 Power Co., the energy in the falling water, channeled down a tunnel drilled through Karst Mountain, can generate an average 6,000 GWh of electricity per year.

 

laont2

Among the project’s key features is a 39-meter-high, 436-meter-long concrete gravity dam with integrated spillway. The power station is composed of four 250-MW Francis turbines for supplying power to the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand and two 37.5-MW Pelton turbines for supply to Électricité du Laos.

 

 

 

laospot

လာအိုစီးပြါးေရး က အားတက္သေရာ တိုးတက္ လ်က္ရွီတယ္၊
ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္နဲ႕သတၱဳ အျပင္အျခားဘက္ကိုလဲပြါးသင့္တယ္၊

 

In the Spotlight

 

The economy of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) continues to grow vigorously. However, because it is a resource-rich country with an economy heavily reliant on mining and hydropower, more focus on diversifying the economy is needed. The government must strive for strong macroeconomic management, a sound fiscal framework, and effective budget management. While the government has consolidated expenditures to contain the deficit, it needs to increase fiscal and foreign reserves to absorb any future shocks.

ADB assistance to the Lao PDR is consistent with the rapidly evolving development needs of a lower-middle-income country. Under its national socioeconomic development plans, the government has adopted a policy to transform the Lao PDR from a landlocked to a landlinked country, and is aiming to be eligible to graduate from least developed country status by 2020.

 

    ကမ႓ာ့ဆင္းရဲႏိုင္ငံေတြအၾကားမွ လာအိုက ရုန္းထြက္ႏိုင္ျပိ       
 

 

No More among the World’s Most Poor: The Booming Economy of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Article | 2 June 2016
  • The economic boost in Lao PDR is creating jobs and lifting people out of poverty.

Historically, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic has had some of the highest poverty rates in Southeast Asia but a mix of energy and mineral exports, manufacturing, services, tourism, construction and agriculture are coming together to grow the economy, create jobs and lift people out of poverty.

Historically, The Lao People’s Democratic Republic has suffered from some of the highest poverty rates in Southeast Asia but steady economic growth in recent years is changing the country’s story from deprivation to increasing prosperity, according to ADB’s Asian Development Outlook 2016.

The poverty rate in the country has fallen from 33.5% in 2003 to 23.2% in 2013. In 2011, gross national income per capita – generally speaking the country’s average annual income – surpassed $1,000. As a result, the World Bank reclassified the country from low-income to lower-middle income. By 2020, the government hopes to graduate from the United Nations’ status as a least-developed country.

Economic trend shows promise

If current economic trends are any indication, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic has a good chance of reaching those goals and dramatically improving the lives of people in the country. Gross domestic product growth – or the expansion of the country’s economy, which is key to lowering poverty – is forecast to reach 6.8% in 2016 and 7.0% in 2017. These are some of the highest growth rates in Asia.

“The country’s economic growth was once driven primarily by exporting energy – mostly hydropower – to its more prosperous neighbors, including Thailand. But the country’s economy is becoming more diversified, with manufacturing, services and tourism all helping to create the jobs that can lift people out of poverty.”

The country’s economic growth was once driven primarily by exporting energy – mostly hydropower – to its more prosperous neighbors, including Thailand. But the country’s economy is becoming more diversified, with manufacturing, services and tourism all helping to create the jobs that can lift people out of poverty.

The services sector grew by an estimated 8.5% with the number of bank branches and microfinance institutions continuing to increase. Tourism-related services such as hotels, restaurants and transportation continued to expand as tourist arrivals rose by 12.6% to 4.7 million visitors in 2015.

 

How Laos’s major dam on the Mekong is taking shape

 

lao2dams

The Xayaburi Dam now being built on the Mekong River is part of the Lao government’s strategy to become the ‘battery of South-East Asia’. A further eight dams are proposed along the river in Laos, with two more planned on this lower part of the river in other countries. When operational, the Xayaburi Dam will produce up to 1,285 megawatts of electricity, 95 per cent of which will be exported to Thailand, which is a project partner. This will provide much-needed export earnings for Laos, one of the poorest countries in South-East Asia.
calls the dam a “looming threat”. The dam owners counter that they have altered the dam’s initial design to mitigate any possible changes to river flow, but critics point out that these have never been tested before.
 —
 လွ်ပ္စစ္အား အထူးလိုအပ္ျပီး ငတ္ျပတ္ေနတဲ့ ယိုးဒယား အတြက္
  လာအိုကၾကိဳတင္စိုက္ထုတ္ ရင္းႏွီးေန

 

Laos foots the bill for power-hungry Bangkok

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Seven months ago, in May, Bangkok’s latest shopping mall, Central Embassy, celebrated its opening with aplomb, attracting several thousand Bangkok celebrities to this glitzy affair.

The 144 000 square-meter luxurious and futuristic-looking mall was described by Travel & Leisure magazine as a ‘monster of a shopping complex’. During the same month, the Worldwide Wildlife Fund warned that the construction of the Don Sahang dam in southern Laos would endanger the survival of freshwater Irrawaddy dolphins, and called for a suspension of the project.

These two juxtaposed events, the opening of Central Embassy and the planned construction of the Don Sahang dam, which are occurring 870 km away from each other and in different countries, might appear, at first glance, unrelated. However, they are linked because they form part of a complex web of Bangkok’s electricity consumption. To partially slake Thailand’s ever-increasing thirst for electricity, Thai companies and state-owned enterprises are collaborating with the Lao government to build more hydropower dams in Laos and import the electricity into Thailand. Much of this electricity is used in Bangkok.

Middle-class and upper-class Bangkok residents enjoy cheap, ever-expanding consumption of electricity while company executives and large shareholders of Thai companies in the energy, real estate, construction and finance sectors, and Lao government leaders, reap large profits.

Simultaneously, local rural communities and wildlife in Laos bear the brunt of the environmental damage caused by these dams, and often the communities are worse off after being forced to resettle 1.

Bangkok’s rapid growth over the past few decades, and its unique form of urbanisation, have resulted in high electricity consumption in two specific interrelated ways. First, unlike in many other Asian cities, new development in the peripheral areas of Bangkok over the past 15 years has mostly been in the form of townhouses and detached housing, which consume a lot of electricity. Since developers sell houses and condominiums after they build them, they often do not invest in more expensive energy-efficient technology. Further, Bangkok households—more well-off than those in rest of the country—use more appliances, and their average electricity usage is double that of the rest of the country 2. (see figure below 3)

  ဘန္ေကာက္ ျမိဳ႕ျပင္ လူေနအိမ္ကြက္သစ္ အေဆာက္အဦးတိုး၊
လွ်ပ္စစ္ကိရိယာ နဲ႕လွ်ပ္စစ္ဓာတ္အားပိုသုံးလာ

Source: CBRE Global Research and Consulting (2014) “Bangkok Overall Marketview” Q2 2014. (http://cdn.cbre.co.th/media/research_lang_file/1953/q2_14_bangkok_overall_market_view.pdf)

New Supply of Developer-Built Single-Detached Houses in BMR, 2001-2013 & Q1 2014.

The second form of electricity-intensive urban expansion is the continuing proliferation of shopping malls, some of which use more electricity combined than some of Thailand’s smaller provinces. (see figure below 4)

ယိုးဒယား ျပည္နယ္ေတြသုံး တဲ့လွ်ပ္စစ္ ပမာဏ ထက္
ဘန္ေကာက္ကေစ်းပြဲတန္း   ေတြက လွ်ပ္စစ္ဓာတ္အားပိုသုံးလာ၊
လာအိုကေစ်းသက္သာတဲ့လွ်ပ္စစ္ပိုအားကိုးလာ၊လာအိုဆီရင္းႏွီးျပီးဝယ္
 ႏွစ္ဦးႏွစ္ဘက္အက်ိဳးရွိ၊အလုပ္ျဖစ္၊

 

Comparison of Annual Energy Usage of Bangkok Shopping Malls and Provinces in Thailand in 2011.

Comparison of Annual Energy Usage of Bangkok Shopping Malls and Provinces in Thailand in 2011.

The regulatory structure also contributes to metropolitan Bangkok’s high electricity consumption. None of the five provinces in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region (BMR) factors in electricity as a determinant of urban growth. Nor do the national or provincial governments regulate electricity usage in new buildings.

In addition, the government does not offer sufficient incentives for developers to follow green building codes, nor penalise those who do not comply with them. And the electricity pricing structure does not discourage heavy users from using electricity—it is not much more expensive for shopping malls or industries to buy electricity per unit than it is for home residents.

In 2013, the BMR consumed about 40 per cent of the country’s electricity even though the region constitutes only 1.5 per cent of the country’s total land area and about 22 per cent of its population 5.

Being at the centre of Thailand’s centralised electricity system, Bangkok’s increasing electricity consumption means suppliers need to supply more electricity into the transmission grid.

To meet its growing energy demand, Thailand obtains its electricity supply mostly from natural gas. However, Thailand’s natural gas reserves are projected to last for only another 10 more years, and the government projects that electricity generation will double by 2030.

While many countries have been implementing policies to make their energy sectors greener, the Thai government is taking the opposite approach and planning to build additional coal-power plants and import hydropower electricity generated by large dams in Laos.

This response is largely due to the perverse incentive structure in the electricity sector. The state-owned Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) has always been protected by the national government and allowed to maintain a monopoly over both electricity generation and distribution. Despite previous attempts to liberalise and reform the sector, weak regulation, a lack of regulatory oversight, and littledomestic competition have enabled EGAT to exert significant power over the country’s electricity development.

EGAT drafts Thailand’s Power Development Plan (PDP) in a largely closed and non-participatory process. In addition, Thailand has a cost-plus tariff system that guarantees EGAT earns revenues based on the amount of electricity it sells, and legal mechanisms that allow the authority to raise tariffs to pass the costs of over-investment on to consumers. This incentive spurs continual expansion in the system and a penchant to overstate demand, which EGAT has done for the past 20 years 6.

Since the late 1980s, local community groups and non-government organisations in Thailand have forcefully opposed the construction of new large power plants, particularly dams, within the country. This increased pressure on EGAT and the limited number of sites left to build dams has driven EGAT to build these large projects in neighbouring countries where there are fewer environmental regulations and less public scrutiny, and whose governments welcome these investments 7.

Thailand’s energy, construction and finance companies have also been playing a role in encouraging hydropower investment in Laos and the region. Hydropower has proven to be lucrative because of the terms of the contracts, enabling these companies to import electricity cheaply into Thailand 8.

Thailand’s energy, construction and finance companies have also been playing a role in encouraging hydropower investment in Laos and the region. Hydropower has proven to be lucrative because of the terms of the contracts, enabling these companies to import electricity cheaply into Thailand.

To be able to invest overseas, these companies need a willing partner, and they have found one in the Laos government. Laos’ economic strategy reflects the interests of the country’s only legal political party, the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party, which has served as a vehicle to enrich the elite while maintaining legitimacy through brisk growth.

Since 2001, the main foundation of Laos’ economic development plan has been an investment-centric strategy to convert large tracts of land to achieve rapid economic growth through production and extractive projects.
လြန္ခဲ့တဲ့ ဆယ္ စု ႏွစ္ မွာေရအား လွ်ပ္စစ္ကို အရွိန္ျပင္းစြာ
တိုးထုတ္လုပ္ျပီးႏိုင္ငံျခားကိုေရာင္းဘို႕လာအိုက မဟာျဗဴဟာ
အျဖစ္ခ်မွတ္ခဲ့

A key pillar of this strategy has been the rapid enlargement of the Laos government’s hydropower output over the past decade. Laos currently exports most of this electricity to Thailand and plans to export more as its generation capacity increases. (see figure below 9)

laoproj

 

Total number and capacity (MW) of power projects realized, under construction and planned in Laos.

 

 

 ၂၀၃၀ ေရာက္ရင္ ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္ကို ေလး ဆ
ျဖစ္လာေအာင္ လာအိုကရည္ရြယ္

Laos aims to quadruple its hydropower capacity by 2030

PUBLISHED : Tuesday, 28 October, 2014, 11:01pm
UPDATED : Tuesday, 28 October, 2014, 11:01pm

Laos plans to quadruple its hydropower generation capacity from current levels by the end of the decade and step up electricity exports to neighbouring countries, including China, its deputy minister for energy and mines said.

Laos is among Asia’s poorest countries but has big ambitions to become the “battery of Southeast Asia” by exporting power generated from its ample water resources.

Laos currently exports two-thirds of the 3,200 megawatts of hydropower it generates, and the country had another 6,000MW under construction, Viraphonh Viravong said.

“We expect by 2020, we’ll have 12,000MW in operation with two-thirds for the export market,” Viravong said on the sidelines of the Singapore International Energy Week.

“By 2030, we may double that capacity to 24,000MW, which is nearly all the hydro potential in Laos.”

Power and mining exports, the biggest contributors to Laos’ gross domestic product, could account for nearly a third of its GDP before 2020, up from over 20 per cent now, he said.

Thailand is currently the biggest buyer of electricity from Laos, which has agreements to supply to Vietnam and Cambodia as well. The power exporter is also looking at ways to exchange electricity with China.

Laos imports power from China, Vietnam and Thailand to supply to its remote northern areas. But now Laos was exploring the possibility of China buying back “what they are developing” in case of a power excess in Laos, Viravong said. China and Thailand are the biggest investors in Laos’ power sector.

     လာအို၊  တ႐ုပ္ယူနန္ျပည္နယ္၊     ဗီယက္နမ္, ယိုးဒယာ၊, ကေမ႓ာဒီယား
တို႕စုေပါင္းဖလွယ္ ကုန္စည္ဒိုင္ လို လွ်ပ္စစ္အားကိုဖလွယ္ ဘို႕ေလ့လာ
ေနတယ္၊
လာအိုကေနျပီး ယိုးဒယား မေလးရွား မွတဆင့္ စင္ကာပူ ကိုလဲ
ဓာတ္အားပို႕ဘို႕ေလ့လာေနတယ္၊

Studies are under way for a power exchange between Laos, Yunnan province in China, Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia, and for electricity to flow from Laos to Singapore through Thailand and Malaysia.

Infrastructure for the Laos-to-Singapore electricity sale was in place, but there could be technical issues to deal with in Thailand and Malaysia, Viravong said.

While hydropower is a renewable source of energy, Laos faces opposition from environmentalists seeking to prevent the building of dams on the Mekong River.

Such projects, including the 1,285MW Xayaburi Dam under construction, could threaten the livelihood of people along the river, environmentalists say.

July 7, 2014 7:00 am JST

Laos helping to keep Southeast Asia’s lights on

JUN ENDO,Nikkei staff writer

laonamngum2

 

 

 

Laos’ drive to develop hydropower began in the 1970s, when it built Nam Ngum Dam, pictured here, on a major tributary of the Mekong River.

Deep in the northern mountains of Laos, near the border with Thailand, work is underway to build a 30km paved road, including a bridge that will allow traffic to cross the river even during the rainy season. The passage is to transport heavy machinery and cement for construction of the Nam Ngiep 1 hydropower plant, led by Kansai Electric Power.

Despite its small size — its population numbers only 6.6 million — Laos is becoming the generator of Southeast Asia. Foreign investment is allowing the country to put its abundance of waterways to good use, and Japanese companies are getting back in on the act after a long stretch of Chinese dominance.

Laos’ second-largest export

The reservoir to be created by the Nam Ngiep dam will have a capacity of 2.2 billion cu. meters — more than 10 times that of Kurobe Dam in Japan’s Toyama Prefecture. The facility is slated to come online in 2019, supplying power to Thailand.

Kansai Electric Power has built 150 or so hydraulic power plants in Japan. It is dispatching 12 staffers to the joint venture to teach inexperienced local workers. Nam Ngiep 1 is its first overseas project developed in-house and a first step in its efforts to grow abroad.

Southeast Asia faces severe power shortages, with its infrastructure lagging behind its meteoric economic growth. Laos is playing an increasingly significant role in filling the gap.

The country generated 12.76 billion kilowatt-hours in 2012. Roughly 80% went to Thailand, with a portion sent to Cambodia as well. At $500 million, this accounted for more than 20% of Laos’ exports, second only to minerals at 40%.

The government envisions Laos meeting 7-8% of the electricity demand of the Greater Mekong Subregion, which includes Thailand, Vietnam and other nearby countries.

The country’s output capacity totals 3.24 million kilowatts, which will jump to 7 million kilowatts in 2016 with the completion of 20 plants under development. This will swell to 12.5 million kilowatts in 2020 when projects under exploration are included. The country plans to expand exports to Vietnam and Myanmar as well.

Despite this abundance of power, long-term export contracts have left it struggling to meet domestic demand, a factor that the government is keeping in mind when arranging new projects.

Deep in the northern mountains of Laos, near the border with Thailand, work is underway to build a 30km paved road, including a bridge that will allow traffic to cross the river even during the rainy season. The passage is to transport heavy machinery and cement for construction of the Nam Ngiep 1 hydropower plant, led by Kansai Electric Power.

Despite its small size — its population numbers only 6.6 million — Laos is becoming the generator of Southeast Asia. Foreign investment is allowing the country to put its abundance of waterways to good use, and Japanese companies are getting back in on the act after a long stretch of Chinese dominance.

 Hydroelectric plants cost hundreds of millions of dollars, but Laos’ national budget is smaller than that of Tottori, Japan’s least populous prefecture — forcing it to rely on outside investment. Thailand had once been heavily involved in development, but in recent years China has acquired rights to a number of projects.

But according to Chansaveng Boungnong, deputy director general of the Laos Department of Energy Policy and Planning, it was Japan that started it all.

In the 1960s, construction consulting company Nippon Koei secured funds and customers for the Nam Ngum 1 hydroelectric project. A public utility sends its output to Thailand, and it is estimated to have brought in the equivalent of nearly 100 billion yen ($969 million). The massive lake created by the dam draws tourists as well.

Japan lagging behind

Between the construction of Nam Ngum 1 and Kansai Electric’s debut, a half-century passed with little sign of Japanese developers.

In that time, Beijing has encouraged Chinese companies to step in and offered generous financial support for building control centers and grid networks. Laos’ strategic importance has drawn its attention, and it seems to be aiming to put pressure on the heart of the power grid.

Some in the region think China may be planning to set up a Southeast Asian electricity exchange.

“The Japanese contingent is too cautious about investment, so they’ve been swept away by China, which makes quick decisions,” points out Motoyoshi Suzuki of the Japan International Cooperation Agency, who serves at Laos’ Ministry of Planning and Investment as a top advisor. “The public and private sectors should join hands to work on building up Asia’s power network.”

Building hydroelectric plants is not a simple task — environmental surveys and negotiating relocation agreements with residents can take up to 10 years.

Gaining the understanding of the countries along the basin of the Mekong River is crucial as well. Projects are discussed by the Mekong River Commission, which includes Laos and three other countries, but some have met with opposition due to concerns about such effects as lower water levels.

Japan has little time left to mount a comeback.

LaosBurma
လာအိုႏိုင္ငံရဲ့အက်ယ္အဝန္း က ျမန္မာ ရဲ့ ၃၅ % ၊
၃ ခ်ိဳး ၁ ခ်ိဳး ေလာက္ ဘဲ၊

အက်ယ္အဝန္းေသးေပမဲ့  လွ်ပ္စစ္ဓာတ္ထုတ္လုပ္တဲ့ေနရာမွာ
လာအိုကျမန္မာေလာက္ဓာတ္အားပမာဏကိုထုတ္ႏိုင္တယ္၊
၁၉၈၀ ေလာက္ကဆိုရင္ ျမန္မာ နဲ႕လာအိုတို႕က မတိမ္းမညိမ္းပါ၊
ေနာက္ပိုင္မွာ လာအိုကပိုမို ထုတ္ႏိုင္လာတယ္၊
လာအိုက ၁၁ TWh အဆင့္ကိုထိုးေဖာက္ႏိုင္ေပမဲ့ျမန္မာက ၇.၅ TWh
 ေလာက္အဆင့္ကိုဘဲမွီႏိုင္တယ္

sportalLao==============

 

 

sportalburma
တဦးခ်င္းဝင္းေဂြႏိႈင္းယွဥ္ျခင္းဇယား

ႏွစ္        လာအို      ျမန္မာ

၁၉၉၇….. ၁၁၅၀…… ၁၁၂၀
၂၀၀၀ ……၁၃၀၀ ……၁၂၀၀
၂၀၀၅ ……၁၉၀၀…… ၁၇၀၀
၂၀၀၇……. ၂၀၀၀ ……၁၂၀၀
၂၀၀၈……. ၂၁၀၀ ……၁၂၀၀
၂၀၁၀ ……..၂၁၀၀…… ၁၂၀၀
၂၀၁၁ ……..၂၇၀၀ ……၁၆၀၀
၂၀၁၂ ………၂၉၀၀…… ၁၆၀၀
၂၀၁၆ ……..၃၁၀၀…… ၁၇၀၀

US $ နဲ႕ပါ
ေနာ္ေဝလို လာအို က ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္ တိုးထုတ္လုပ္ႏိုင္
လို႕ ျပည္တြင္းစက္မႈလုပ္ငန္းလဲေအာင္၊ အိမ္နီးနားခ်င္း
ႏိုင္ငံတို႕ကိုလဲ ပိုမိုေရာင္းခ်ႏိုင္၊ ဒါေတြေၾကာင့္ တဦးခ်င္းဝင္ေငြ
တက္လာတာပါဘဲ၊


၁၉၉၇ က လာအို နဲ႕ ျမန္မာ တူတူ ေလာက္ ကေန
လာအိုကတေျဖးေျဖး ပိုပို ရလာလို႕ ေနာက္ပိုင္းတြင္
လာအိုက ျမန္မာထက္ ၈၀ % ပိုရလာ ျပီး ျမန္မာ
ရဲ့ ၁၈၀ % ျဖစ္လာ၊ေနာင္လဲဒိထက္ သာမယ္ဆိုတာ
ေျပာဘို႕မလိုပါ၊


Sources:

မူရင္း စာေဆာင္မ်ား

Laos Economy 1997

GDP – per capita purchasing power parity – $1,150 (1996 est.) 

http://www.photius.com/wfb1997/laos/laos_economy.html SOURCE: 1997

 

CIA WORLD FACTBOOK Laos Economy 2000

GDP – per capita: purchasing power parity – $1,300 (1999 est.)

Laos Economy – 2005

http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/laos/laos_economy.html

SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

GDP – per capita: purchasing power parity – $1,900 (2004 est.)

Laos Economy 2010

http://www.workmall.com/wfb2010/laos/laos_economy.html

SOURCE: 2010 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES

GDP – per capita (PPP): $2,100 (2009 est.)

$2,100 (2008 est.)

$2,000 (2007 est.)

note: data are in 2009 US dollars

Laos Economy 2016

http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/laos/laos_economy.html

SOURCE: 2016 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES

GDP – per capita: $3,100 (2013 est.) country comparison to the world: 176

$2,900 (2012 est.) $2,700 (2011 est.)

Burma Economy 1997

http://www.photius.com/wfb1997/burma/burma_economy.html

GDP – per capita purchasing power parity – $1,120 (1996 est.)

 

Burma Economy 2000

GDP – per capita: purchasing power parity – $1,200 (1999 est.)

Burma Economy – 2005 http://www.allcountries.org/wfb2005/burma/burma_economy.html

GDP – per capita: purchasing power parity – $1,700 (2004 est.)

 

Burma Economy 2010

http://www.workmall.com/wfb2010/burma/burma_economy.html

GDP – per capita (PPP): $1,200 (2009 est.)

$1,200 (2008 est.)

$1,200 (2007 est.)

note: data are in 2009 US dollars

Burma Economy 2016

http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/burma/burma_economy.html

SOURCE: 2016 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES

GDP – per capita: $1,700 (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 201 $1,600 (2012 est.)

$1,600 (2011 est.)

note: data are in 2013 US dollars 

လာအိုနဲ႕ျမန္မာတဦးခ်င္းဝင္ေငြ ပိုပိုျပီး ကြာဟ လာမွာျဖစ္လို႕
တမ်ိဳးတမည္စဥ္းစားဘို႕လိုအပ္ေနတယ္၊
လာအိုကေရကာတာလုပ္တာ အက်ိဳးရွိတယ္၊ေအာင္ျမင္ေနတယ္
ဆိုတာ၊ ျပည္သူေတြရဲ့ဆင္းရဲဘဝကိုလႊတ္ေအာင္လူေနမႈအဆင့္အတန္း
ကိုျမႇင့္တင္ေပးေနတယ္၊
ေဒၚစုရဲ့ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္ကလဲ ျမန္မာျပည္သူေတြကိုဆင္းရဲဘဝမွျမႇင့္တင္ဘို႕
မဟုတ္ပါလား?
ေနာက္ေနာင္ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲေတြမွာ ျပန္လဲေရြးေကာက္ျခင္းခံရေအာင္
အေရးၾကီးတဲ့ေသာ့ခ်က္ အာ မ ခံခ်က္ တခု မ ဟုတ္ ပါလား?
 
ျမစ္ဆုံေရကာတာ ဆက္လုပ္လို႕ျဖစ္ေပၚမဲ့အက်ိဳးေက်းဇူးေတြကို
ေခါင္းေအးေအး နဲ႕စဥ္းစားရမွာပါ၊
   

(အထပ္ ၂၀ တိုက္ ကို “စ လံုေရ စ” တာ မဟုတ္ဘဲ ၁၂ ထပ္ ေလာက္
ေဆာက္ျပီးတဲ့အဆင့္ မွာ စြန္႕လႊတ္ သလို” ေငြေတြ ေရာ္” အလကားလႊင့္ပစ္
ျဖဳံးပစ္ဘို႕ေကာင္းပါ့မလား၊ စဥ္းစားစရာ)

The widening gap in GDP, here, seems to offer another line of thinking.
Laos must be doing something right in its quest to uplift its population from poverty.
Quite achievable and, in fact, is succeeding!

Isn’t this one of Daw Suu’s important goals? To uplift Burmese people.

Wouldn’t it be an important factor in assuring her re-election. Why treat this lightly?

“အျပတ္မေျပာနဲ႕ မေခ်ာ”

အမတ္ေတြကိုလစာ အျပည့္ေတာင္ ျပန္တင္ေပးလို႕ရ


၁၉၈၀ ၁၉၉၁၊ ၂၀၀၀၊၂၀၀၇၊ ၂၀၁၄ ႏွစ္မ်ား အတြင္း
လာအို၊ ျမန္မာ၊ တ႐ုပ္၊ဂ်ပန္၊အိႏၵိယ စတဲ့ အာရွႏိုင္ငံ
ထုတ္ဓာတ္အားပမာဏအေျချပဇယား၊(  TWh နဲ႕ပါ)

 

ယခင္က ျမန္မာနဲ႕သိပ္မကြာေသာ္လည္းဘဲ
၂၀၁၄ ဇယား ကို ၾကည့္ရင္ လာအို က ေတာ္ေတာ္တက္လာတယ္
 လာအို ၉ TWh  ျမန္မာ ၆ TWh
၁၉၈၀ ဇယားကိုၾကည့္ရင္ဂ်ပန္ကတခ်ိန္တုန္းက ေရွ႕ေျပးေပမဲ့
က်န္ဇယား မွာ တ႐ုပ္ကဘဲဆက္တိုက္ေရွ႕ေဆာင္ကာ
၂၀၁၄ မွာဆိုရင္ တ႐ုပ္ ၁၀၂၉ TWh ဂ်ပန္ ၈၀ TWh  ( ဂ်ပန္ရဲ့ ၁၂.၅ ဆ  ျဖစ္လာ)

 

sportal1980sportal1991sportal2000

 

 

sportal2007 sportal2014

 
လွ်ပ္စစ္စြမ္းအားေတြတင္ပို႕ရင္း ဝင္ေငြလဲရမယ္၊
ပံုမွန္ဓာတ္အားရလို႕ စက္႐ံုတည္ေထာင္ဘို႕ႏိုင္ငံျခား
 ရင္းမႈႏွီးေငြကိုဘိတ္ေခၚတာလဲ ပိုျပီးေအာင္ျမင္တြင္က်ယ္
လာမွာျဖစ္တယ္၊
 ဓာတ္အားအလွ်ံပယ္ရွိလို႕ လက္ရွိစက္႐ံုေဟာင္းေတြကိုျမဲေအာင္၊ထြက္မေျပးရ
ေအာင္ထိန္းသိမ္းႏိုင္ျပီး၊
စက္ရုံ သစ္ေတြတိုးခ်ဲ႕တည္ေထာင္လာလို႕၊
လြန္စြာမွဆိုးဝါးတဲ့ အလုပ္လက္မဲ့ ျပသနာကိုေျဖရွင္းႏိုင္မယ္၊
 tailorjob

 

More revenues from hydro electric power exports. Set up new industries from inviting FDI successfully with
ample and consistently stable electric power supply or maintain current
industries with cheap or free hydro power thus solving chronic unemployment.

 

 

အလုပ္လက္မဲ့အေျခအေနက ဆိုးဝါးလွတယ္
 
ျမစ္ဆံုေရကာတာလုပ္ရင္ျဖစ္ႏိုင္မယ္ဆိုတဲ့ဆိုးက်ိဳးကိုခ်ိန္ဆ ဘို႕လိုမယ္၊
ခ်ဲ႕ကား ျပီးေျပာတာေျဗာင္လိမ္တာေတြကိုလဲခ်ိန္ဆဘို႕လိုမယ္၊
 
 
တဘက္ကအလုပ္လက္မဲ့ျပသနာကဆိုးဝါးလွတယ္၊
ျမန္မာေတြကအလုပ္ရွာမရလို႕ယိုးဒယား မေလးရွား အင္ဒိုနီးရွား စင္ကာပူ စသျဖင့္
သန္းခ်ီျပီး “ေျပး” ရတယ္၊
 EHTFISH8EHTFISH7EHTFISH6
ေရလုပ္ငန္း သားငါးလုပ္ငန္း လုပ္ရာမွာ ရက္ရက္စက္စက္ ႏွိပ္စက္ခံရတယ္ သတ္ခံ
ရျပီး ပင္လယ္ထဲ ေခြးလိုဝက္လိုပစ္ခ်ခံရတယ္၊
EHTFISH5EHTFISH4EHTFISH3EHFISHSLAVESEHTSAN2UEHTU1
 မိုးမျမင္ေလမျမင္ သံေလွာင္အိမ္ထဲ မွာ ေၾကာက္ ေၾကာက္နဲ႕ စံျမန္းရတယ္၊
အႏွစ္ ၂၀ ေက်ာ္ျပန္လမ္းမရွိ  “မဲဇာ” တ ကြၽန္းက်ခံရတယ္  
လစာမရ အလကားကြၽန္လဲခံ ႐ိုက္လဲခံရတယ္
မေလးရွားမွာဘာသာေရးေၾကာင့္အေခ်ာတ္တိုက္သတ္ခံရတယ္၊
မၾကာခင္ကသတင္း အရယိုးဒယားမွာ မေကာင္းတဲ့အသက္ေမြး
ဝမ္းေက်ာင္းနဲ႕  ဖမ္းခံရသူ ၁၂၁ ဦး အနက္ ျမန္မာ က ၁၀၈ ဦး ရွိတယ္၊
Bangkok brothel raid reveals underage Myanmar sex workers http://www.mmtimes.com/index.php/national-news/20747-bangkok-brothel-raid-reveals-underage-myanmar-sex-workers.html Ronnarong said around 90 percent of the 121 women found working in the brothel at the time of the raid were from Myanmar,
ဒါေတြနဲ႕စာရင္ ျမစ္ဆုံကစိတ္ကူးယဥ္ဆိုးက်ိဳး စိတ္ကူးယဥ္ငလ်င္က မေျပာပေလာက္ပါ၊
————-

HORRIBLE! HORRIBLE!

Contrast this with millions having to work in slave like conditions in Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore,
that’s horrible. Some got murdered mercilessly on high seas, some escaping to far away Indonesian islands
living there for many many years losing hope of ever seeing their loved ones again, some murdered by Malaysian
extreme Islamists, ….

Well, more horrible by far, than an imagined or potential earthquake impacting on the dam.

ေရၾကည္ရာမ်က္ႏုရာ ဆိုတာလို ပညာတတ္ေတြျပည္ေျပးခဲ့ရာ
လူေတာ္ေတြသိပ္မက်န္ပါ၊ ဓာတ္အားမမွန္ အလုပ္လဲမရ ရင္
ဘယ္ျပန္မလဲ?

Some expats will not return if there are no jobs or no good paying jobs (in some way again linked to having electricity).

 

IMHO and generally speaking the elite လူေတာ္လူေကာင္းfrom Burma had mostly emigrated overseas.
The brain drain to greener pastures and more politically stable countries had left mostly
less brainy people in the old country

ျမစ္ဆံုေရကာတာကိုရပ္ပစ္ဘို႕လိုက္အာၾကတဲ့လူအမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးရွိတယ္၊
၁၊ေလ်ာ္ေၾကးအတြက္ ကိုယ့္အိပ္ ထဲက အသျပာ တျပားတခ်ပ္ကမွ
အကုန္မခံရဘဲအာလို႕ေကာင္းတာလဲရွိ,၊၊
  
၂ က၊ လွ်ပ္စစ္ မ ရလို႕ စက္ရုံမလည္ အလုပ္၊လဲ မရတာ၊
—–
ခ,အဲ ကြန္းမရလို႕ အပူဒဏ္ခံရတာ၊,မီးမလာလို႕ေက်ာင္းစာမဘတ္ႏိုင္တာ၊
 
—-
ဂ၊ ဓာတ္အားမရွိလို႕ ညညအိပ္ပ်က္ခံကာ
 မီးအလာ ကို လိုက္ေစာင့္ျပီးအလုအယက္ေရလိုက္တင္ရတာ,, 
 —–
ဒါေတြကို “ဘဝေမ့”ျပီး ကိုယ္ခ်င္းမစာ လိုက္လိုက္အာ
 ေနတဲ့လူတမ်ိဳးရွိတယ္၊
—–
၃၊ အေနာက္ႏိုင္ငံရဲ့စစ္ေအးဝါဒျဖန္႕တာကို
ယုံလြယ္တဲ့လူတမ်ိဳး ရွိတယ္၊

canvig3canvig2canvig1canvig4canvig5canvig6canvig7canvig8canvig9canvig10canvig12canvig1

 

 

However, some brainy expat people themselves are blinded by အမုန္းနဲ႕အညိႈး grudges and confused by
cold war propaganda.

Well established and comfy now, they forgot to look after the welfare of their less fortunate siblings left behind.
They have too many axes to grind.

What a sad and unfortunate situation.

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