သမတေဟာင္း Obama အိုဘားမားလက္ထက္မွာ စြမ္းအားဝန္ၾကီး ႏွစ္ဦး ရွိခဲ့တယ္၊
ႏွစ္ဦးစလုံးထူးခြၽန္ေျပာင္ေျမာက္ၾက သူ ပါေမာကၡေတြပါ၊
စြမ္းအားနဲ႕ပတ္သက္တဲ့႐ူပေဗဒဘာသာရပ္မွာပါရဂူဘြဲ့ရၾကျပီးနံမယ္
ၾကီး Stanford တကၠသိုလ္ မွာစာျပ႒ာန ၾကီးမႉး ဆရာၾကီး
သုေတသီေတြ ဖစ္ခဲ့ၾကတယ္


 

 

 

Early life and education[edit]
Moniz was born in 1944 in Fall River, Massachusetts, to Georgina (Pavão) Moniz and Ernest Perry Moniz, both of whose parents were Portuguese immigrants from São Miguel Island, Azores.[5] He graduated from Durfee High School in Fall River, Massachusetts in 1962, where he was a member of the National Honor Society and was the president of the school’s math club.[6] Moniz attended Boston College, where he received his Bachelor of Science summa cum laude in physics. He received his PhD in theoretical physics from Stanford University in 1972.[7][8]
Career[edit]
Moniz joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1973, serving as head of the Department of Physics from 1991 to 1995 and as director of the Bates Linear Accelerator Center.[9] He co-chairs the MIT research council. He served in the Clinton administration as Associate Director for Science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President from 1995 to 1997.[10]
Moniz worked in the United States Department of Energy, serving as Under Secretary of Energy from 1997 to 2001.[11] Moniz is one of the founding members of The Cyprus Institute, where he and other scholars undertook the coordination, research and planning of the project. In 2013, he received the title of Doctor Honoris Causa from the Universidad Pontificia Comillas de Madrid as a recognition of his research on energy policies and technologies.[12]
U.S. Secretary of Energy (2013–present)[edit]
On May 16, 2013, his appointment was confirmed on a 97–0 vote by the Senate.[4] He succeeded Steven Chu as Secretary of Energy. Moniz was sworn in as Energy Secretary on May 21, 2013 by Deputy Energy Secretary Daniel Poneman.
Secretary Moniz played a crucial role in negotiations toward a comprehensive agreement on the Iranian nuclear program, directly negotiating technical details with the Iranian atomic energy minister Ali Akbar Salehi, an MIT graduate, and reassuring President Obama that concessions important to the Iranians would not pose a major threat.[13] The comprehensive agreement between Iran and the so-called “P5+1” (which includes the 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council, plus Germany and a representative from the European Union) was finalized on July 14, 2015, to much fanfare and criticism.[14]
Honors[edit]
PRT Order of Prince Henry – Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry, Portugal
dhttp://www.hydro.org/news-and-media/newsroom/

စြမ္းအားဝန္ၾကီး Moniz မြန္နဇ္ က De Brito (ငဇင္းဂါးလို) ပၚတူgeဇာတိႏြယ္ဘြား အေမရိကန္ေပါက္ျဖစ္ျပီး၊
အႏုျမဴလက္နက္မျပန္႕ပြါးရေအာင္ အီရန္ႏိုင္ငံနဲ႕အေသးစိတ္ေဆြးေႏြးပြဲက အေရးပါတဲ့အပိုင္းမွာ
ပါဝင္တာဝန္ထမ္းေဆာင္ႏိုင္ခဲ့တယ္၊
သူ႕လက္ထက္မွာ ရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္စီမံကိန္းေမ်ာ္မွန္းခ်က္ကိုျပဳစုႏိုင္ခဲ့ျပီး ၎အစီရင္ခံစာကိုေဖာ္ျပျပီးျဖစ္ပါတယ္၊

  

 


Steven Chu စဗင္ခ်ဴးကမြန္နစ္ရဲ့ေနာင္ေတာ္ဝန္ၾကီးပါ၊သူကတ႐ုပ္ဇာတႏြယ္ အေမရိကန္ေပါက္
ျဖစ္ျပီး ႏနံမယ္ၾကီး ႏႏိုဘယ္ ဆုကိုဆြတ္ခူးခဲ့သူလဲျဖစ္ပါတယ္၊
သူတို႕စြမ္းအားဝန္ၾကီးႏွစ္ဦးက ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္စီမံကိန္း ေပၚလစီ က သိပ္မကြာလွပါ၊

ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္ကို (ကန္႕ကြက္ဘို႕ေနေနသာသာ)၎ကို အားေပးၾကတယ္၊အေရးေပးတယ္၊ေရကာတာ
အသစ္ တိုးခ်ဲ႕ေဆာက္တည္ဘို႕ကို၎၊႐ိုး႐ိုးဆည္ေတြကိုေတာင္လွ်ပ္စစ္ စြမ္းအားပါထုတ္ႏိုင္ဘို႕ကို၎
၊ေဟာင္းႏြမ္းတဲ့ေရကာတာေတြကိုလွ်ပ္စစ္ပိုထုတ္ႏိုင္ဘို႕ကို၎၊လိုလားတယ္၊ စီမံေဆာင္ရြက္ၾကတယ္၊

Steven စတီဗင္ ကအႏုျမဴလွ်ပ္စစ္၊ေလအားလွ်ပ္စစ္ နဲ႕ေနအားလွ်ပ္စစ္ပါတိုက္တြန္းေသာ္လည္း
သက္ဆိုင္ရာလႊတ္ေတာ္အမတ္ အခ်ိဳ႕က ထုတ္လုပ္မႈ ကုန္က်စရိတ္ ၾကီးတယ္ဆိုျပီး
ေလာေလာဆယ္ သိပ္လက္မခံခ်င္ပါ၊

 

 

 


 

Green Rivers Network နဲ႕ဆရာဦးထြန္းလြင္တို႕ရဲ့ ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္ ေရကာတာ အားလုံး ရပ္ ဆိုတဲ့
ေဆာင္ပုဒ္နဲ႕တျခားဆီပါ၊


 
 ရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္စြမ္းအား ဟာ ယခင္က(အေရးပါတဲ့)စြမ္းအားတရပ္
 ဖစ္ခဲ့တယ္၊ခုလဲဒီ တိုင္း၊ေနာင္လဲ ဒီတိုင္း(အျမဲတေစ အေရးပါမဲ့)စြမ္းအားတရပ္
 ဖစ္မွာပါဘဲ

 

Hydropower: An Energy Source for the Past, Present, and Future

Hydropower: An Energy Source for the Past, Present, and Future
BOB GALLO | AUGUST 11, 2016
Last month, thousands of likeminded people gathered in a packed convention hall to celebrate a cause about which they care deeply. Some may think this phenomenon was exclusive to Philadelphia and the Democratic National Convention, or the Republicans in Cleveland the week before. But it also occurred in Minnesota, where the largest hydropower convention in the world — HydroVision International — took place at the Minneapolis Convention Center.
HydroVision attendees had reason for their bullishness. No other source of energy combines hydropower’s affordability, contributions to combating climate change, and job creation. Far from an old and conventional source of energy, clean and renewable hydropower is constantly evolving and searching for new methods to squeeze energy out of the approximately 80,000 U.S. dams that do not produce power. In many cases, hydropower provides backup generation to support the development of intermittent energy sources such

 

 

Steven Chu (Chinese: 朱棣文; pinyin: Zhū Dìwén,[4][5][6][7][8] born February 28, 1948)[9] is an American physicist. He is known for his research at Bell Labs and Stanford University regarding the cooling and trapping of atoms with laser light, which won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1997, along with his scientific colleagues Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William Daniel Phillips.[10]

Chu served as the 12th United States Secretary of Energy from 2009 to 2013. At the time of his appointment as Energy Secretary, Chu was a professor of physics and molecular and cellular biology at the University of California, Berkeley, and the director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, where his research[11][12][13] was concerned primarily with the study of biological systems at the single molecule level.[14] Chu resigned as energy secretary on April 22, 2013.[15][16][17] He returned to Stanford as Professor of Physics and Professor of Molecular & Cellular Physiology.

Chu is a vocal advocate for more research into renewable energy and nuclear power, arguing that a shift away from fossil fuels is essential to combating climate change.[18][19][20] He has conceived of a global “glucose economy”, a form of a low-carbon economy, in which glucose from tropical plants is shipped around like oil is today.[21]
Chu was born in St. Louis, Missouri,[22] with ancestry from Liuhe, Taicang, in Jiangsu, China,[23] and graduated from Garden City High School.[24] He received both a B.A. in mathematics and a B.S. in physics in 1970 from the University of Rochester. He went on to earn his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1976, during which he was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship.[25]

Chu comes from a family of scholars. His father, Ju-Chin Chu, earned a doctorate in chemical engineering from MIT and taught at Washington University in St. Louis and Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, and his mother studied economics. His maternal grandfather, Shu-tian Li, earned a Ph.D. from Cornell University, and was a professor and president of Tianjin University (Peiyang University). His mother’s uncle, Li Shu-hua, a physical scientist, studied physics at the Sorbonne before returning to China.[10] Chu’s older brother, Gilbert Chu, is a professor of biochemistry and medicine at Stanford University. His younger brother, Morgan Chu, is a partner and former co-managing partner at the law firm Irell & Manella.[26] According to Chu, his two brothers and four cousins have four Ph.D.s, three M.D.s, and a J.D. among them.

In 1997, he married Jean Fetter, a British-American Oxford-trained physicist.[22] He has two sons, Geoffrey and Michael, from a previous marriage to Lisa Chu-Thielbar.[10]

Steven Chu lecturing.
After obtaining his doctorate remained at Berkeley as a postdoctoral researcher for two years before joining Bell Labs, where he and his several co-workers carried out his Nobel Prize-winning laser cooling work. He left Bell Labs and became a professor of physics at Stanford University in 1987,[10] serving as the chair of its Physics Department from 1990 to 1993 and from 1999 to 2001. At Stanford, Chu and three others initiated the Bio-X program, which focuses on interdisciplinary research in biology and medicine,[27] and played a key role in securing the funding for the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology.[28] In August 2004, Chu was appointed as the director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory, and joined UC Berkeley’s Department of Physics and Department of Molecular and Cell Biology.[29] Under Chu’s leadership, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has been a center of research into biofuels and solar energy.[18] He spearheaded the laboratory’s Helios project, an initiative to develop methods of harnessing solar power as a source of renewable energy for transportation.[29]

Chu’s early research focused on atomic physics by developing laser cooling techniques and the magneto-optical trapping of atoms using lasers. He and his co-workers at Bell Labs developed a way to cool atoms by employing six laser beams opposed in pairs and arranged in three directions at right angles to each other. Trapping atoms with this method allows scientists to study individual atoms with great accuracy. Additionally, the technique can be used to construct an atomic clock with great precision.[30]

At Stanford, Chu’s research interests expanded into biological physics and polymer physics at the single-molecule level. He studied enzyme activity and protein and RNA folding using techniques like fluorescence resonance energy transfer, atomic force microscopy, and optical tweezers. His polymer physics research used individual DNA molecules to study polymer dynamics and their phase transitions. He continued researching atomic physics as well and developed new methods of laser cooling and trapping.[31]

Official portrait as Energy Secretary

Steven Chu meeting with President Barack Obama on February 5, 2009.
His nomination to be Secretary of Energy was unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate on January 20, 2009.[44] On January 21, 2009, Chu was sworn in as Secretary of Energy in the Barack Obama administration. Chu is the first person appointed to the U.S. Cabinet after having won a Nobel Prize.[45] He is also the second Chinese American to be a member of the U.S. Cabinet, after former Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao.[46]///

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ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္ကိုႏွစ္ဆျဖစ္ေအာင္လုပ္ႏိုင္တယ္၊
(နဂိုရ္က အလြန္ၾကီးမွား တာေၾကာင့္)
ဒီလို၂ ဆ ဆိုတာက အင္မတန္ခ ၾကီးမားတာ ပါဘဲ

——
This is Big: U.S. Could Double Hydropower Capacity With Minimal Impact, Says Steven Chu

http://www.treehugger.com/energy-policy/this-is-big-us-could-double-hydropower-capacity-with-minimal-impact-says-steven-chu.html

Probably a Good Place to Start

 

လက္ရွိေရကာတာ မွာ ပိုစြမ္းတဲ့လွ်ပ္စစ္Turbine တာဘိုင္စက္ေခါင္းလဲရုံ
နဲ႕အျခား အေသးစား ရကာတာ ဖည့္စြက္ရုံနဲ႕ဘဲ
၇၅၀၀၀ MW လွ်ပ္စစ္စြမ္းအား တိုးထုတ္လုပ္ႏိုင္းမယ္ လို႕ဝန္ၾကီး
Steven စဗင္ ကအစိုးရ စည္းေဝးပြဲမွာေျပာပါတယ္၊

 

U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu said that hydropower capacity in the United States could “double with minimal impact to the environment”, mostly just by installing more efficient turbines at existing hydroelectric projects or at dams without power components, increasing the use of pumped-storage projects, and encouraging the use of run-of-the-river turbines. These kind of improvements to the existing infrastructure could apparently add 70,000 MW of capacity. “We will be pushing this,” Chu said at a White House forum. “We’re not talking about a lot of large, new reservoirs. Just work with what we have and it’s a massive amount of power.”
လက္ရွိက ၉၈၀၀၀ MW လွ်ပ္စစ္စြမ္းအား ထုတ္ႏိုင္ခဲ့ျပီး၊လူေပါင္း
သံုးသိန္း အတြက္အလုပ္ေပးႏိုင္ခဲ့တယ္၊

 

(၂၀၁၁ က ျမန္မာ သုံး လွ်ပ္စစ္က ၆၀၀ MW နဲ႕ယွဥ္ရင္ အဆ
ေပါင္း ၁၆၀ ဆ ေက်ာ္လို ဇီေစ့နဲ႕ျမင့္မိုရ္ေတာင္ပါ၊
တဘက္ကAmerican ျမင့္မိုရ္ေတာင္ ေနာက္တလုံး တိုးမွာျဖစ္ျပီး
တဘက္ၾကေတာ့Myanmar လက္ထဲက ဇီးေစ့ ပါ ေပ်ာက္သြားမလား
ရင္ေလးစရာ)

 

Hydroworld writes:

Hydropower accounts for 6 percent of the U.S.’s electricity consumption and nearly 75 percent of renewable power, according to the Energy Information Administration, the statistical arm of the U.S. Department of Energy. But just 3 percent of the U.S.’s more than 82,000 hydroelectric projects generate electricity. Mark Garner, chief executive officer of Voith Hydro, said hydropower plants generate 98,000 MW of electricity and support about 300,000 jobs in the United States.

I think this is exactly the right approach. First, start by using what you already have before you start thinking about new projects. New large-scale hydro, if done right, would also help increase the share of renewable energy in the US. They would no doubt have an environmental impact, but inaction potentially has a much bigger impact, because if we want to replace coal, we’ll need everything we can get (wind, solar, geothermal, wave, efficiency… and hydro).

 


၂၀၀၉ က ဝန္ၾကီး Steven စတီဗင္ နာ္ေဝေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္ ရကာတာစက္ရုံေတြကို
လိုက္ေလ့လာစဥ္

 

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